Salvatore M. Spadafora

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There is a growing demand for educating future physicians to be socially responsible. It is not clear, however, how social responsibility is understood and acted on in medical education and practice, particularly within the context of a growing desire to improve health care through an equitable and sustainable delivery system. The authors conduct a concept(More)
PURPOSE To determine, through a 10-year review, (1) the prevalence of residents in difficulty, (2) characteristics of these residents, (3) areas of residents' weakness, and (4) outcomes of residents who undergo remediation. METHOD A retrospective review of resident records for the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine's (UT-FOM) Board of Examiners for(More)
This is a study comparing ondansetron, dimenhydrinate versus placebo as PONV prophylaxis for outpatient gynecologic laparascopy. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is very common following ambulatory gynecological laparoscopy. Prophylactic antiemetic therapy if safe, effective and affordable may reduce the incidence of PONV, expedite hospital(More)
The potential impact of resident duty hour restrictions on faculty is likely significant; however, the extent of this impact has still not been well documented. We undertook a narrative review of the literature to determine the magnitude of that potential impact and the nature of the evolving discourse related to faculty members as individuals. The(More)
BACKGROUND Few new Residency Program Directors (PD) are formally trained for the demands and responsibilities of the leadership aspect of their role. Currently, there are no comprehensive frameworks that describe specific leadership competencies that can inform PD self-reflection or faculty development. METHODS The authors developed a Postgraduate Program(More)
Medical education institutions have a social mandate to produce a diverse physician workforce that meets the public's needs. Recent reports have framed the admission process outcome of undergraduate and postgraduate medical education (UGME and PGME) programs as a key determinant of the collective contributions graduating cohorts will make to society,(More)
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