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BACKGROUND Cognitive impairment is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis (MS), but the association between cognitive impairment and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) disease measures in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) MS is unclear. OBJECTIVES To study the prevalence of cognitive impairment and its relation with MRI disease measures in mildly(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the effects of subcutaneous (sc) interferon beta-1a (IFNbeta-1a) on cognition in mildly disabled patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Patients aged 18-50 years with RRMS (McDonald criteria; Expanded Disability Status Scale score <or=4.0) were assigned IFNbeta therapy at the physician's(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To verify the existence of a symptomatic form of restless legs syndrome (RLS) secondary to multiple sclerosis (MS) and to identify possible associated risk factors. DESIGN Prospective, multicenter, case-control epidemiologic survey. SETTINGS Twenty sleep centers certified by the Italian Association of Sleep Medicine. PATIENTS Eight(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and its temporal profiles from 1975 to 2005 in the city of Catania. METHODS The incidence of MS from 1975 to 31 December 1999 had been previously investigated by the same group. The frequency of MS in the community of Catania from(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To review the clinical characteristics and the long-term outcome of patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) who received botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) over the past 10 years. RESULTS A total of 108 patients received 665 treatments. Mean latency of clinical effect was 5.4 +/- 5.3 days for Botox and 4.9 +/- 4.6 days for Dysport (P > 0.05).(More)
We carried out a population-based case-control study to evaluate the association between multiple sclerosis (MS) and headache. We had previously determined the incidence of MS during 1990-1999 in Catania, Sicily, identifying 155 incident MS patients; these subjects underwent a telephone interview using a standardized questionnaire for headache. Diagnosis(More)
BACKGROUND Trace elements have been hypothesised to be involved in the pathogenesis of Multiple Sclerosis and volcanic degassing is the major natural sources of trace elements. Both incidence of Multiple Sclerosis in Catania and volcanic activity of Mount Etna have been significantly increased during the last 30 years. Due to prevailing trade winds(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the association between epilepsy and multiple sclerosis (MS), we analyzed the incidence of epilepsy in a population-based incidence cohort of MS in Catania, Sicily. METHODS According to Poser's diagnostic criteria, 170 incident cases of MS have been identified from 1975 to 1994 in the city of Catania. All these subjects underwent a(More)
Psychiatric disturbances may occur at the onset of multiple sclerosis. However, information on their outcome is lacking. Our objective was to document the characteristics of psychiatric symptoms at presentation of multiple sclerosis and to define the long-term evolution of psychiatric disturbances in these patients. Based on a clinical record analysis of(More)
We report three patients with isolated unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy who experienced an excellent outcome. In two patients no cause was found. Our study seems to confirm that the occurrence of benign and idiopathic isolated unilateral palsy of the hypoglossal nerve is more frequent than previously reported. We would like to stress that neuroimaging(More)