Salvatore J. Siciliano

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IP10 and MIG are two members of the CXC branch of the chemokine superfamily whose expression is dramatically up-regulated by interferon (IFN)-gamma. The proteins act largely on natural killer (NK)-cells and activated T-cells and have been implicated in mediating some of the effects of IFN-gamma and lipopolysaccharides (LPSs), as well as T-cell-dependent(More)
Although there is a mounting body of evidence that eosinophils are recruited to sites of allergic inflammation by a number of beta-chemokines, particularly eotaxin and RANTES, the receptor that mediates these actions has not been identified. We have now cloned a G protein-coupled receptor, CC CKR3, from human eosinophils which, when stably expressed in(More)
C5a is a 74-amino acid glycoprotein generated on activation of the C system. The responses evoked by C5a, both in vitro and in vivo, and its association with inflammatory diseases, suggest that a receptor antagonist would be of considerable therapeutic importance. However, efforts at generating antagonists have so far been unsuccessful. Structure/activity(More)
Like the CCR5 chemokine receptors of humans and rhesus macaques, the very homologous (approximately 98-99% identical) CCR5 of African green monkeys (AGMs) avidly binds beta-chemokines and functions as a coreceptor for simian immunodeficiency viruses. However, AGM CCR5 is a weak coreceptor for tested macrophage-tropic (R5) isolates of human immunodeficiency(More)
C5a is a 74-amino-acid glycoprotein whose receptor is a member of the rhodopsin superfamily. While antagonists have been generated to many of these receptors, similar efforts directed at family members whose natural ligands are proteins have met with little success. The recent development of hexapeptide analogs of C5a has allowed us to begin elucidation of(More)
The chemokine receptors CCR5 and CXCR4 act synergistically with CD4 in an ordered multistep mechanism to allow the binding and entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). The efficiency of such a coordinated mechanism depends on the spatial distribution of the participating molecules on the cell surface. Immunoelectron microscopy was performed to(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) fuses with cells after sequential interactions between its envelope glycoproteins, CD4 and a coreceptor, usually CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) or CXC receptor 4 (CXCR4). CMPD 167 is a CCR5-specific small molecule with potent antiviral activity in vitro. We show that CMPD 167 caused a rapid and substantial(More)
C5a elicits a variety of responses from the polymorphonuclear leukocyte all of which utilize G proteins as transducing elements. In the present study, we report the consequences of the interaction between the C5a receptor and the G proteins and describe a system which may allow identification of the transducing proteins. C5a binding to polymorphonuclear(More)
The guanine nucleotide-binding protein-coupled receptor superfamily binds a vast array of biological messengers including lipids, odorants, catecholamines, peptides, and proteins. While some small molecules bind to these receptors at a single interhelical site, we find that the binding domain on the receptor for the inflammatory protein C5a is more complex(More)
The binding domain of the human C5a receptor consists of two distinct and physically separable subsites. One of these sites binds the C-terminal 8 amino acids of C5a and is as yet undefined, while the second site lies in the N terminus of the receptor and interacts with the core of C5a. Two deletion mutants were prepared to probe the importance of this(More)