Salvatore Guccione

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A variety of approaches have been taken to improve the brain penetration of pharmaceutical agents. The amphipathic character of a compound can improve its interaction with the lipid bilayer within cell membranes, and as a result improve permeability. Fatty acid chains or lipoamino acids of various lengths were attached to tranylcypromine (TCP), in an(More)
Four series of new pyrazoles, namely, 5 4-carboxypyrazolo-3-tert-butylcarboxamide and 6 4-carboxypyrazolo-3-cyclopropylcarboxamide derivatives and 10 pyrazolo[3,4-d][1,3]thiazine-4-one and 9 pyrazolo[3,4-d][1,3]thiazine-4-thione derivatives, were synthesized and screened as potential inhibitors of photosynthetic electron transport. The structures were(More)
The interaction between ofloxacin, as a model drug of the fluoroquinolone class, and biomembranes was examined as the possible initial step in a transmembrane diffusion process. Dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine was used for the preparation of biomembrane models. The influence of environmental conditions and protonation on molecular physicochemical behavior,(More)
Solid dispersions of diflunisal (DIF) with Eudragit RS100 (RS) and RL100 (RL) with different drug-to-polymer ratios were prepared by a solvent method (coevaporates) and were characterised in the solid state in comparison with the corresponding physical mixtures. The work was aimed at characterising the interactions occurring between DIF and RS or RL(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the leading cause of senile dementia, has become a considerable social and economical problem. Current AD therapeutics provide mainly symptomatic short-term benefit, rather than targeting disease mechanisms. The hallmarks for AD are beta-amyloid plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and regionalized neuronal loss. Additional(More)
Three highly conserved active site residues (Ser, Tyr, and Lys) of the family of short-chain alcohol dehydrogenases/reductases (SDRs) were demonstrated to be essential for catalytic activity and have been denoted the catalytic triad of SDRs. In this study computational methods were adopted to study the ionization properties of these amino acids in SDRs from(More)
Lipoamino acids (LAAs) are promoieties able to enhance the amphiphilicity of drugs, facilitating their interaction with cell membranes. Experimental and computational studies were carried out on two series of lipophilic amide conjugates between a model drug (tranylcypromine, TCP) and LAA or alkanoic acids containing a short, medium or long alkyl side chain(More)
Conjugation with lipoamino acids (LAAs) increases the lipophilicity of drug molecules. Because of their amphipatic nature, they also provide the conjugated drugs a 'membrane-like character', capable to facilitate their interaction with and penetration through cell membranes and biological barriers. To study such a feature, our aim is to collect experimental(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate, at a molecular level, the structural and dynamic properties of the acidic and sodium salt forms of ibuprofen and their solid dispersions with Eudragit RL-100, obtained by two different preparation methods (physical mixtures and coevaporates), which may affect the release properties of these drugs in their dispersed(More)
Pursuing previous researches on lipophilic conjugates of methotrexate, aimed at over-crossing a form of transport resistance shown by some tumor cell lines toward the drug, a new series of derivatives is described in which the drug alpha- and gamma-carboxyl groups have been linked through amide bonds to short-chain alpha-alkylamino acids (4-6 carbon atoms).(More)