Salvatore Giuffrida

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Several authors have recently reported a broad cognitive impairment in autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCAs) patients. However, only a few studies on neuropsychological features in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) patients are present in the current literature. The aim of this study is to evaluate the cognitive impairment in a wide sample of(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate central motor conduction to lower limbs in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2). METHODS Transcranial magnetic stimulation was performed to study the corticospinal tracts of 18 patients with SCA2. RESULTS Central motor conduction time (CMCT) to lower limbs and thresholds were abnormal in 8 patients (44%); CMCT and thresholds were(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder mapped on chromosome 12. Different results have been reported in spinocerebellar ataxias following transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). TMS-induced cortical silent period (CSP) was prolonged in different cerebellar disorders. Here we evaluate the duration of the(More)
There have been only few studies of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) type 2. We investigated 20 SCA2 patients, from 11 Sicilian families, and 20 age-matched control subjects using MRI. Our data confirm that olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) is the typical pattern in SCA2. We found no significant correlation between(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate motor cortex excitability in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2). Cortical silent period (CSP), motor thresholds, and intracortical inhibition and facilitation by paired transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) were investigated in 18 SCA2 patients and in 20 controls. The mean CSP duration and motor threshold after TMS(More)
The aim of this study is to verify, after recovery, the presence of specific patterns of cognitive dysfunctions in Transient Global Amnesia (TGA). Fourteen patients with the diagnosis of TGA were submitted to a battery of neuropsychological tests and compared to a matched control group. We found significant qualitative and quantitative differences between(More)
INTRODUCTION Celiac disease (CD) may initially present as a neurological disorder or may be complicated by neurological changes. To date, neurophysiological studies aiming to an objective evaluation of the potential central nervous system involvement in CD are lacking. OBJECTIVE To assess the profile of cortical excitability to Transcranial Magnetic(More)