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Several authors have recently reported a broad cognitive impairment in autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCAs) patients. However, only a few studies on neuropsychological features in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) patients are present in the current literature. The aim of this study is to evaluate the cognitive impairment in a wide sample of(More)
There have been only few studies of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) type 2. We investigated 20 SCA2 patients, from 11 Sicilian families, and 20 age-matched control subjects using MRI. Our data confirm that olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) is the typical pattern in SCA2. We found no significant correlation between(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxias (ADCAs) are a complex group of slowly progressive neurodegenerative disorders characterized by gait and stance ataxia, dysarthria and other symptoms of nervous system involvement. ADCA type I is the commonest form and is genetically heterogeneous; several loci have been identified. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2)(More)
Seven patients with cystic meningioma are reported. The computerized tomography appearance of these meningiomas may mimic that of a glial or metastatic tumor with cystic or necrotic changes, and lead to an incorrect presumptive diagnosis. Radiological evaluation and recognition are important for the surgical removal of these potentially curable neoplasms.
Cognitive defects in migraine have been reported by several authors. These findings however, are controversial. In this study we carried out an investigation on 14 patients with migraine with aura and 16 with migraine without aura according to the International Headache Society criteria. They were submitted to a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological(More)
A door-to-door survey was carried out in rural areas of the Cordillera Province, Bolivia, to determine the prevalence of Parkinson's diseases (PD) in a sample of 9955 subjects. We found five cases of PD on prevalence day, November 1, 1994. The crude prevalence was 50.2/100,000 (95% CI 18.5-124.5) and 286/100,000 (95% CI 28-543) in subjects aged 40 years or(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type I is the most common form of dominant ataxia. A genetic heterogeneity has been identified with five different loci (SCA1, 2, 3, 4, and 6). A pathological expansion of a CAG sequence has been identified in SCA1, 2, 3, and 6. We performed molecular analysis in 51 families with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia type(More)
We report three patients with isolated unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy who experienced an excellent outcome. In two patients no cause was found. Our study seems to confirm that the occurrence of benign and idiopathic isolated unilateral palsy of the hypoglossal nerve is more frequent than previously reported. We would like to stress that neuroimaging(More)
Fourteen diabetic subjects with gustatory sweating were treated by intracutaneous injections of botulinum toxin type A into the affected facial skin areas. In all subjects, sweating (measured by Minor starch iodine test) ceased within 4 days, with the maximal follow-up time lasting 24 weeks. This therapeutic approach, which could be used to reduce the(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate central motor conduction to lower limbs in spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2). METHODS Transcranial magnetic stimulation was performed to study the corticospinal tracts of 18 patients with SCA2. RESULTS Central motor conduction time (CMCT) to lower limbs and thresholds were abnormal in 8 patients (44%); CMCT and thresholds were(More)