Salvatore Dimauro

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s since January 1975, a full-text search capacity, and a personal archive for saving articles and search results of interest. All articles can be printed in a format that is virtually identical to that of the typeset pages. Beginning six months after publication the full text of all original articles and special articles is available free to nonsubscribers(More)
The small, maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has turned out to be a Pandora's box of pathogenic mutations: 13 years into the era of "molecular mitochondrial medicine," more than 100 pathogenic point mutations and innumerable rearrangements have been associated with a striking variety of multisystemic as well as tissue-specific human diseases.(More)
"Lysosomal glycogen storage disease with normal acid maltase" which was originally described by Danon et al., is characterized clinically by cardiomyopathy, myopathy and variable mental retardation. The pathological hallmark of the disease is intracytoplasmic vacuoles containing autophagic material and glycogen in skeletal and cardiac muscle cells.(More)
We investigated the correlations of deletions of mitochondrial DNA in skeletal muscle with clinical manifestations of mitochondrial myopathies, a group of disorders defined either by biochemical abnormalities of mitochondria or by morphologic changes causing a ragged red appearance of the muscle fibers histochemically. We performed genomic Southern blot(More)
We report on two patients who have a mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and recurrent cerebral insults that resemble strokes (MELAS). These two and nine other reported patients share the following features: ragged red fibers evident on muscle biopsy, normal early development, short stature, seizures, and hemiparesis, hemianopia, or(More)
The mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) system is the final biochemical pathway in the production of ATP. The OXPHOS system consists of five multiprotein complexes, the individual subunits of which are encoded either by the mitochondrial or by the nuclear genome. Defects in the OXPHOS system result in devastating, mainly multisystem, diseases,(More)
Advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) promise to facilitate diagnosis of inherited disorders. Although in research settings NGS has pinpointed causal alleles using segregation in large families, the key challenge for clinical diagnosis is application to single individuals. To explore its diagnostic use, we performed targeted NGS in 42 unrelated(More)
Mitochondrial diseases (encephalomyopathies) have traditionally been ascribed to defects of the respiratory chain, which has helped researchers explain their genetic and clinical complexity. However, other mitochondrial functions are greatly important for the nervous system, including protein importation, organellar dynamics, and programmed cell death.(More)
Muscle carnitine palmityltransferase activity, measured by three different methods, was very low (0 to 20 percent of controls) in a patient with a familial syndrome of recurrent myoglobinuria. Long-chain fatty acyl CoA synthetase activity was normal; acetylcarnitine transferase activity was decreased by 40 percent, and carnitine content was 1.7 times higher(More)