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Serum levels of testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, and sex hormone-binding globulin and urinary levels of testosterone and androstanediol were compared in 75 women with breast carcinoma and 150 age-matched healthy controls. Odds ratios for quartiles of hormones, adjusted for known potential confounders, were(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Optical coherence tomography (OCT) permits high-resolution imaging of tissue microstructures using a probe that can be inserted into the main pancreatic duct (MPD) through a standard endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) catheter. This prospective study was designed to assess the diagnostic capacity of OCT to(More)
The knowledge and practice of breast self-examination (BSE) was investigated among 500 women with operable breast tumors between 35 and 64 years of age (all successively operated) and 652 healthy women, matched with the previous group for 5-year age groups from 35 to 54 years. Only 39.9% of breast cancer women and 34.5% of the controls practiced BSE,(More)
The importance of breast pain as a presenting symptom of breast cancer was assessed in 200 women with localized mastalgia but negative physical examination and in 478 women with operable breast cancer. In the first group, mammography detected five cases of subclinical breast cancer at the site of pain. In the second group, 86 patients (18%) reported(More)
The doubling time (DT) of 196 consecutive breast cancers was studied by means of a double mammographic examination (average time between the 2 mammographies, 30 days) and calculated with the formula of exponential growth. On the basis of DT values the case series was divided into 3 groups of growth: fast (DT from 1 to 30 days), 31 cases (15.8%),(More)
From June 1978 to December 1980 at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milano, a fine-needle aspiration biopsy was performed on each of 4834 cases of palpable mammary nodules, the large majority of which were clinically and mammographically suspicious for cancer and only a small part clinically definitely positive. Of these, 1173 underwent surgery at this(More)
Cystic echinococcosis (CE), caused by the larval stages of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus, is known to be one of the most important parasitic infection in livestock worldwide and one of the most widespread zoonoses known. In the present study, we used a geographical information system (GIS) to study the spatial structure of livestock (cattle, water(More)
We investigated the role of androgens in premenopausal breast cancer by comparing serum testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, progesterone, sex-hormone-binding globulin-binding capacity, and urinary testosterone and androstanediol in 63 women with breast adenocarcinoma and 70 healthy controls of similar age.(More)
The relationship between menstrual cycle patterns and the risk of breast disease was evaluated using data from a hospital-based case-control study of 288 women with benign breast disease (203 chronic cystic diseases and 85 benign tumours), 317 with breast cancer and 602 age-matched controls with a spectrum of acute conditions unrelated to any of the(More)
Urinary testosterone and androstanediol were measured by gas chromatography in four groups of premenopausal subjects: 22 healthy women (control group), 21 healthy women with a family history of breast cancer (familiality group), 39 patients with breast lumps which consisted of ductal or lobular hyperplasia (hyperplasia group) and 18 patients with(More)