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We report a family of French Canadian and Dutch ancestry with hereditary ferritinopathy (neuroferritinopathy) and a novel mutation (C insertion at nt646-647 in exon 4) in the ferritin light chain gene, resulting in a longer than normal protein. Our failure to immunostain most of the abnormal ferritin deposits in the proband with a conformation-dependent(More)
Severe prolonged migrainous symptoms and prolonged partial status epilepticus are characteristic features of the MELAS syndrome (mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes). Maternal transmission previously found in myoclonus epilepsy and ragged-red fibers (MERRF), another mitochondrial disease, is suggested in this disorder(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a major cause of neurological disability and its pathogenesis remains elusive despite a multitude of studies. Although defects of the mitochondrial respiratory chain have been described in several ALS patients, their pathogenic significance is unclear. OBJECTIVE To review systematically the muscle biopsy(More)
Two brothers with myopathic coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency responded dramatically to CoQ10 supplementation. Muscle biopsies before therapy showed ragged-red fibers, lipid storage, and complex I + III and II + III deficiency. Approximately 30% of myofibers had multiple features of apoptosis. After 8 months of treatment, excessive lipid storage resolved,(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive mutations in MPV17 (OMIM *137960) have been identified in the hepatocerebral form of mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome (MDS). OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical, morphologic, and genetic findings in 3 children with MPV17-related MDS from 2 unrelated families. DESIGN Case report. SETTING Academic research. MAIN(More)
  • S. Di Mauro
  • 2010
In this brief review, I have highlighted recent advances in several areas of mitochondrial medicine, including mtDNA-related diseases, mendelian mitochondrial encephalomyopathies, and therapy. The pathogenic mechanisms of mtDNA mutations, especially those affecting mitochondrial protein synthesis, are still largely unknown. The pathogenicity of homoplasmic(More)
We studied a large family with a dominantly inherited mitochondrial myopathy characterized by progressive external ophthalmoplegia, dysphagia, cataract, lactic acidosis, exercise intolerance, and early death. Morphologic studies of muscle biopsies suggested mitochondrial heteroplasmy and revealed ragged-red fibers and decreased histochemical reactions for(More)
Among 40 patients with ragged red fibers in muscle biopsy, all but two met criteria for one of the recognized mitochondrial myopathies: Kearns-Sayre syndrome (6 patients); other ophthalmoplegias (17): MELAS (3); MERRF (2); limb myopathy (5); and exercise intolerance (3). Two patients had MNGIE (mitochondrial myopathy with neuropathy, gastrointestinal(More)
Mitochondrial diseases are a heterogeneous group of progressive, genetically transmitted, multisystem disorders caused by impaired mitochondrial function. The disease course for individuals with mitochondrial myopathies varies greatly from patient to patient because disease progression largely depends on the type of disease and on the degree of involvement(More)