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BACKGROUND Despite the widespread use of free perforator flaps, pedicled perforator flaps seem not to be as widely accepted, probably because of the fear of vascular complications caused by transfer of a flap attached only by its vascular pedicle, prone to shearing, kinking, and trauma. In this article, the authors report on their experience with 85(More)
BACKGROUND Vessels in the supraclavicular area and their contribution to skin vascularization have always been studied for flaps planning in head and neck reconstruction and many pedicled flaps have been described based on those vessels. Little has been written instead about the vascularization of the supraclavicular skin itself for the use as a free flap.(More)
UNLABELLED The nasolabial skin is the ideal donor site for nasal ala reconstruction. The classic techniques involve a two-stage procedure to reconstruct an aesthetically pleasing nasal ala. A one-stage technique for reconstruction of the nasal ala with a free style nasolabial perforator flap is presented in this article. PATIENTS AND METHODS The technique(More)
BACKGROUND Long-standing facial paralysis is frequently seen in patients who have undergone surgical procedures with sacrifice of the facial nerve and have never been counseled about limiting its consequences. Lagophthalmos must always be treated in these patients to protect vision. The authors describe their techniques of static treatment for lagophthalmos(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past few years, the use of propeller flaps, which base their blood supply on subcutaneous tissue or isolated perforators, has become increasingly popular. Because no consensus has yet been reached on terminology and nomenclature of the propeller flap, different and confusing uses of the term can be found in the literature. METHODS In(More)
Despite the high success rate of free-tissue transfer, thrombosis still complicates 5-30% of cases. Meticoulous technique, careful vessel selection, and pharmacological prophylaxis are not always enough to avoid thrombosis. Early diagnosis and reintervention provide the only way to salvage a thrombosed free flap, in case of either arterial or venous(More)
BACKGROUND The retroauricular skin has always been given much attention by the reconstructive surgeon for ear and face reconstruction because it is richly vascularised, as many anatomical investigations show, it is hidden behind the ear, its skin is very similar to that of ear and face. All these reasons make it an ideal donor site for ear reconstruction.(More)
BACKGROUND Although guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent surgical site infections (SSIs) exist, specific guidelines for plastic surgery are missing and there is a tendency towards excessive administration of antibiotics. A total of 1100 patients were prospectively studied according to an evidence-based protocol to investigate if limiting(More)