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The possibility that myocardial ischaemia alters the defence mechanisms against oxygen toxicity has been investigated. Ischaemia was induced in isolated, perfused rabbit hearts by reducing coronary flow from 25 ml/min to 1 ml/min for 90 min. Two different degrees of ischaemic damage have been achieved using either spontaneously beating or electrically(More)
Oxidative stress is a condition in which oxidant metabolites exert toxic effects because of their increased production or an altered cellular mechanism of protection. The heart needs oxygen but it is also susceptible to oxidative stress, which occurs during post-ischaemic reperfusion, for example. Ischaemia causes alterations in the defence mechanisms(More)
Reperfusion of isolated rabbit heart after 60 min of ischaemia resulted in poor recovery of mechanical function, release of reduced (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG), reduction of tissue GSH/GSSG ratio and shift of cellular thiol redox state toward oxidation, suggesting the occurrence of oxidative stress. Pretreatment of the isolated heart with(More)
Reperfusion, without doubt, is the most effective way to treat the ischaemic myocardium. Late reperfusion may, however, cause further damage. We attempted to identify the nature and time-course of metabolic changes occurring during ischaemia followed by reperfusion either in isolated and perfused rabbit hearts or in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardial hibernation is an adaptive phenomenon occurring in patients with a history of acute ischemia followed by prolonged hypoperfusion. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated, in isolated rabbit heart, whether a brief episode of global ischemia followed by hypoperfusion maintains viability. Four groups were studied; group 1,300 minutes of(More)
It has been suggested that the sudden presence of oxygen during reperfusion after a period of ischemia may be toxic for the myocardial cell. The oxygen molecule is capable of producing reactions in the cell, forming highly reactive free radicals, and inducing lipid peroxidation of membranes, altering their integrity and increasing their fluidity and(More)
It is known that myocardial ischaemia causes a marked decline of cellular thiol pool and of protein sulphydryl groups content. Reperfusion under these conditions results in oxydative damage which is concomitant with poor recovery of mechanical function. We have evaluated the role of glutathione status in the protection against ischaemic and reperfusion(More)
AIMS There is increasing evidence that stem cell (SC) mobilization to the heart and their differentiation into cardiac cells is a naturally occurring process. We sought to assess the safety and feasibility of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) administration in humans to enhance SC mobilization and left ventricle (LV) injury repair during(More)
Glutathione plays an important role in the detoxification processes of electrophilic metabolites of xenobiotics and oxygen free radicals, such that release of reduced and oxidized glutathione into the plasma is considered a reliable index of oxidative stress. However, reduced glutathione in plasma undergoes spontaneous autoxidation, with mixed disulfide(More)
The levels of creatine phosphate, purine, and pyridine nucleotides in tissues provide important information on energetic and oxidative cellular states. Nevertheless, technical, theoretical, and methodological difficulties in extraction and quantification procedures have so far limited our understanding of the exact role that these substances play in(More)