Salvatore Cucchiara

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This is the first attempt at defining criteria for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in infancy, childhood, and adolescence. The decision-making process was as for adults and consisted of arriving at consensus, based on clinical experience. This paper is intended to be a quick reference. The classification system selected differs from the one(More)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a common inflammatory disorder with complex etiology that involves both genetic and environmental triggers, including but not limited to defects in bacterial clearance, defective mucosal barrier and persistent dysregulation of the immune response to commensal intestinal bacteria. IBD is characterized by two distinct(More)
The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are common causes of morbidity in children and young adults in the western world. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study in early-onset IBD involving 3,426 affected individuals and 11,963 genetically matched controls recruited through international(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Recently, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been introduced in the diagnosis of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, it is still rarely reported in paediatric IBD. We studied the diagnostic value of gadolinium enhanced MRI in revealing inflammation of the distal ileum in children with Crohn's disease (CD) and in(More)
Esophageal motility was studied in 26 children with gastroesophageal reflux. In 11 patients (group A), esophagitis was severe; in the remaining 15 (group B), either mild or no microscopic changes were found. Lower esophageal sphincter pressure and amplitude, as well as velocity and duration of esophageal pressure waves, were manometrically measured. All(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical and experimental observations in animal models indicate that intestinal commensal bacteria are involved in the initiation and amplification of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). No paediatric reports are available on intestinal endogenous microflora in IBD. AIMS To investigate and characterise the predominant composition of the(More)
AIM To investigate the presence of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to evaluate the progression of bowel involvement after two years' follow-up in seven patients affected by glycogen storage disease type Ib (GSDIb). METHODS Seven patients (5F, 2M, aged 4.5-20.6 y) entered the study. Bowel involvement was evaluated by ileocolonoscopy and specific IBD(More)
AIM To investigate gene variants in a large Italian inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) cohort, and to analyze the correlation of sub-phenotypes (including age at diagnosis) and epistatic interaction with other IBD genes. METHODS Total of 763 patients with Crohn's disease (CD, 189 diagnosed at age < 19 years), 843 with ulcerative colitis (UC, 179 diagnosed <(More)
Women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have similar rates of fertility to the general population, but have an increased rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes compared with the general population, which may be worsened by disease activity. Infertility is increased in those undergoing ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy in(More)
Total gastrointestinal transit time (TGITT), frequency of defecation, and anorectal manometry were evaluated in 63 pediatric patients referred for chronic nonorganic constipation; in 39, segmental transit times of the right and left colon and rectum were also measured. TGITT was significantly longer in chronically constipated children than in matched normal(More)