Salvatore Condello

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Hyperhomocysteinemia can result from decreased methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) enzyme activity, owing to genetic polymorphisms and/or inadequate folate intake. This study was aimed at investigating the prevalence of C677T and A1298C MTHFR polymorphisms, and their impact on hyperhomocysteinemia in 95 epileptic patients and 98 controls. Double(More)
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the key role of the videofluorography swallow study (VFSS) in the management of patients with dysphagia and varying degrees of neurological deficit. In 1 year (March 2004–March 2005) 47 patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia due to different types of neurological deficit and who required rehabilitation were studied.(More)
Agmatine, an endogenous arginine metabolite, has been proposed as a novel neuromodulator that plays protective roles in the CNS in several models of cellular damage. However, the mechanisms involved in these protective effects in neurodegenerative diseases are poorly understood. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of agmatine on cell(More)
High levels of homocysteine promote cell damage mainly through induction of oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and activation of pro-inflammatory factors. The effects of homocysteine were here examined in the continuously dividing neuroblastoma cell line Neuro2a. Cell treatment with homocysteine (100–500 μM) for 4 h increased ROS(More)
Zonisamide (ZNS), an antiepileptic drug having beneficial effects also against Parkinson’s disease symptoms, has proven to display an antioxidant effects in different experimental models. In the present study, the effects of ZNS on rotenone-induced cell injury were investigated in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells differentiated towards a neuronal(More)
This review focuses on the putative role of hyper-homocysteinemia in the pathogenesis of different diseases affecting the nervous system, including stroke, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. However, a firm pathogenic role of homocysteine in these diseases has never been established.(More)
The presence and severity of cerebrovascular pathological findings have been shown to increase the risk and stage of cognitive decline observed in Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. Thus, the modification of vascular risk factors seems useful to reduce the risk of dementia regardless of type. Hyperhomocysteinemia has long been known as a major(More)
Marine toxins are a suitable research model and their mechanism of action is intriguing and still under debate. Either a pore formation mechanism or oxidative stress phenomena may explain the damage induced by toxins. The effect of crude venom from isolated nematocysts of the jellyfish Pelagia noctiluca on neuronal-like cells derived from human(More)
AIM To investigate putative biological damage caused by GSM mobile phone frequencies by assessing electromagnetic fields during mobile phone working. METHODS Neuron-like cells, obtained by retinoic-acid-induced differentiation of human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, were exposed for 2 h and 4 h to microwaves at 1800 MHz frequency bands. RESULTS Cell(More)
Biological effects of man-made electromagnetic fields (EMFs) have been studied so far by experimental approaches exposing animals and cell cultures to EMFs. However, the evidence for cell toxicity induced by static magnetic field (SMF) is still uncertain. We investigated the effects produced by the exposure of human SH-SY5Y neuronal-like cells to a uniform(More)