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OBJECTIVE To present an updated, comprehensive review on clinical and pre-clinical studies on agomelatine. METHOD A MEDLINE, Psycinfo and Web of Science search (1966-May 2009) was performed using the following keywords: agomelatine, melatonin, S20098, efficacy, safety, adverse effect, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, major depressive disorder, bipolar(More)
BACKGROUNDS Nerve growth factor (NGF) is involved in the modulation of the neuro-endocrine-immune (NEI) system, whereas alterations in neuroplasticity and NEI homeostasis seem to play a role in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Objective of the study was to investigate NGF levels variations in MDD patients during antidepressant(More)
OBJECTIVES This is an observational study aimed to investigate the activity of autonomic nervous system during sleep in patients with sleep-related migraine. METHODS Eight consecutive migraineurs without aura were enrolled (6 women and 2 men), aged 30 to 62 years (mean 48.1 ± 9.3 years). Inclusion criteria were: high frequency of attacks (> 5 per month)(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is the third most frequent form of muscular dystrophy. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is a means of evaluating the activity of the autonomic nervous system. The aim of this study was to evaluate HRV in FSHD patients. Fifty-five consecutive FSHD patients were enrolled (31 men, age 26-72 years). Muscular(More)
PURPOSE The circadian rhythm hypothesis of bipolar disorder (BD) suggests a role for melatonin in regulating mood, thus extending the interest toward the melatonergic antidepressant agomelatine as well as type I (acute) or II cases of bipolar depression. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-eight depressed BD-II patients received open label agomelatine (25(More)
BACKGROUND Immune modifications, including changes in interleukin (IL)-6 levels, have often been observed in major depressive disorder (MDD) during treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or the serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) venlafaxine. Nevertheless, no equivalent observation for the SNRI duloxetine has been made(More)
The vascularization of the human thalami is supplied by many perforating arteries, which exhibit complex distribution and many possible individual variations. One rare variant is the artery of Percheron that supplies the paramedian thalami bilaterally. Its ictal occlusion may result in a symmetric paramedian infarction, which generally leads to impairment(More)
Costello syndrome is a congenital disorder because of HRAS gene mutation, frequently associated with neurologic impairment and sleep disorders. The aims of the study were to evaluate the sleep EEG, and particularly the sleep spindles, in a population of patients with Costello syndrome and to compare them with those characterizing unaffected subjects. Eleven(More)
Self-injurious behavior (SIB) associated with Tourette's syndrome (TS) is a severe neuropsychiatric condition that causes significant distress and can impair social functioning. The current treatment options for the condition include pharmacological, physical and psychosocial interventions. However, given the need for more effective interventions,(More)
Mental Retardation (MR) is a developmental disability characterized by impairments in adaptive daily life skills and difficulties in social and interpersonal functioning. Since multiple causes may contribute to MR, associated clinical pictures may vary accordingly. Nevertheless, when psychiatric disorders as Treatment Resistant Depression (TRD) and/or(More)