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BACKGROUND Immune modifications, including changes in interleukin (IL)-6 levels, have often been observed in major depressive disorder (MDD) during treatment with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or the serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) venlafaxine. Nevertheless, no equivalent observation for the SNRI duloxetine has been made(More)
OBJECTIVE To present an updated, comprehensive review on clinical and pre-clinical studies on agomelatine. METHOD A MEDLINE, Psycinfo and Web of Science search (1966-May 2009) was performed using the following keywords: agomelatine, melatonin, S20098, efficacy, safety, adverse effect, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, major depressive disorder, bipolar(More)
Chronic insomnia is highly prevalent in the general population, provoking personal distress and increased risk for psychiatric and medical disorders. Autonomic hyper-arousal could be a pathogenic mechanism of chronic primary insomnia. The aim of this study was to investigate autonomic activity in patients with chronic primary insomnia by means of heart rate(More)
BACKGROUND Despite multiple antidepressant options, major depressive disorder (MDD) still faces high non-response rates, eventually requiring anticonvulsant augmentation strategies too. The aim of this study was to explore such a potential role for zonisamide. METHODS A total of 40 MDD outpatients diagnosed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for(More)
BACKGROUNDS Nerve growth factor (NGF) is involved in the modulation of the neuro-endocrine-immune (NEI) system, whereas alterations in neuroplasticity and NEI homeostasis seem to play a role in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). Objective of the study was to investigate NGF levels variations in MDD patients during antidepressant(More)
BACKGROUND High levels of sensation seeking (SS) have been traditionally reported for lifetime bipolar disorder (BD) and/or substance use disorder (SUD) rather than major depressive disorder (MDD). Nonetheless, a renewed clinical attention toward the burden of sub-threshold bipolarity in MDD, solicits for a better assessment of "unipolar" major depressive(More)
OBJECTIVES This is an observational study aimed to investigate the activity of autonomic nervous system during sleep in patients with sleep-related migraine. METHODS Eight consecutive migraineurs without aura were enrolled (6 women and 2 men), aged 30 to 62 years (mean 48.1 ± 9.3 years). Inclusion criteria were: high frequency of attacks (> 5 per month)(More)
PURPOSE Pycnodysostosis (OMIM:265800) is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder due to a mutation in the cathepsin K gene, which causes a decrease of the bone turnover and a deterioration of the bone structure. Our aim was to describe a 5 year-old patient affected by pycnodysostosis, associated with an extremely severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, who(More)
BACKGROUND The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling, which modulates angiogenesis and neurogenesis within the neurovascular unit, might play an important role in the neuro-endocrine-immune (NEI) stress-adaptation system. Recent evidence suggests that VEGF is involved in the pathophysiology of a number of diseases including major depressive(More)
INTRODUCTION Automatic, uncontrolled, and unaware sexual behaviors during sleep have occasionally been described. The clinical and polysomnographic features of nocturnal sexual behavior allow it to be considered a distinct parasomnia named "sexsomnia". Recently, abnormal sexual behaviors during sleep have been evaluated in the forensic medical context(More)