Salvador Moncada

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Endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) is a labile humoral agent which mediates the action of some vasodilators. Nitrovasodilators, which may act by releasing nitric oxide (NO), mimic the effect of EDRF and it has recently been suggested by Furchgott that EDRF may be NO. We have examined this suggestion by studying the release of EDRF and NO from(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), synthesised from L-arginine, contributes to the regulation of blood pressure and to host defence. We describe in-vitro and in-vivo evidence that NO synthesis can be inhibited by an endogenous compound, NG,NG-dimethylarginine (asymmetrical dimethylarginine, ADMA). In man, this inhibitor is found in plasma and more than 10 mg is excreted in(More)
1. Three analogues of L-arginine were characterized as inhibitors of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase by measuring their effect on the endothelial NO synthase from porcine aortae, on the vascular tone of rings of rat aorta and on the blood pressure of the anaesthetized rat. 2. NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), N-iminoethyl-L-ornithine (L-NIO) and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) released by vascular endothelial cells accounts for the relaxation of strips of vascular tissue and for the inhibition of platelet aggregation and platelet adhesion attributed to endothelium-derived relaxing factor. We now demonstrate that NO can be synthesized from L-arginine by porcine aortic endothelial cells in culture. Nitric oxide(More)
Calorie restriction extends life span in organisms ranging from yeast to mammals. Here, we report that calorie restriction for either 3 or 12 months induced endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression and 3',5'-cyclic guanosine monophosphate formation in various tissues of male mice. This was accompanied by mitochondrial biogenesis, with increased(More)
Nitric oxide was found to trigger mitochondrial biogenesis in cells as diverse as brown adipocytes and 3T3-L1, U937, and HeLa cells. This effect of nitric oxide was dependent on guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) and was mediated by the induction of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1alpha, a master regulator of mitochondrial(More)
The formation of nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine by vascular endothelial cells and its relationship to endothelium-dependent relaxation of vascular rings was studied. The release of NO, measured by bioassay or chemiluminescence, from porcine aortic endothelial cells stimulated with bradykinin was enhanced by infusions of L-, but not D-arginine. The(More)