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Understanding how forest cover is related to patch attributes such as size, shape, and isolation, and how this influences the occurrence of a species in fragmented landscapes is an important question in landscape ecology and conservation biology. To study the effects of fragmentation on patch occupancy by the critically endangered Mexican mantled howler(More)
Fragmentation reduces habitat area, increases the number of habitat patches, decreases their size, and increases patch isolation. For arboreal mammals such as howlers (Alouatta palliata), canopy modifications from fragmentation processes could also negatively affect habitat quality. We analyzed changes in the composition and plant structure of 15 fragments(More)
This work describes a clustering-based system to enhance user authentication by applying fuzzy techniques to biometric data in order to deter password sharing. Fuzzy c-means is used to train personal, per-keyboard profiles based on the keystroke dynamics of users when entering passwords on a keyboard. These profiles use DES encryption taking the actual(More)
Habitat fragmentation is one of the principal threats to primates. Studies of primates in fragments usually conclude that fragmentation negatively affects some aspect of their biology or ecology. Nevertheless, the definition and quantification of fragmentation vary considerably among studies, resulting in contradictions and results that are difficult to(More)
Of what value are forest fragments to the conservation of the tropical rain forest diversity for a landscape? We compared the changes in composition, diversity, and plant structure of 15 small (1–76 ha) relatively unprotected forest fragments with those of a large (700 ha) well protected fragment (LWPF) in Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. The trees, shrubs, lianas,(More)
This paper describes a variation to the traditional intrusion detection approach motivated by longstanding challenges and recent trends in information security. Intrusion detection systems have historically focused on the protection of local resources by identifying signs of malicious activity that may help administrators prevent a break-in and limit its(More)
We present the uses that the Maya of Tixcacaltuyub and Tixpeual, Yucatán, México, have for the trees and shrubs of their surrounding tropical dry and deciduous forests; we add the uses for trees and shrubs in their homegardens, because they complement their basic needs. A total of 301 shrubs and tree species were present either in the forest or homegardens(More)