Salvador Bará

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In eye aberrometry it is often necessary to transform the aberration coefficients in order to express them in a scaled, rotated, and/or displaced pupil. This is usually done by applying to the original coefficients vector a set of matrices accounting for each elementary transformation. We describe an equivalent algebraic approach that allows us to perform(More)
The positioning tolerances for phase plates used to compensate human eye aberrations are analyzed. Lateral displacements, in-plane rotations, and axial translations are considered, describing analytic and numerical procedures to compute the maximum degree of compensation achievable in each case. The compensation loss is found to be dependent both on the(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of quartic axicons for presbyopia compensation. The working principle relies on profiting the high depth of focus of the axicons to supplement the reduced accommodation amplitude of presbyopes. METHODS We present the design equations of a particular kind of axicon to compensate a general(More)
We present a method for manufacturing phase plates to compensate for the wave aberration in the human eye. The wave aberration of the eye is measured in vivo by a new laser ray-tracing method and then compensated for by a phase plate placed in front of the eye. This plate is made from a gray-level single-mask photosculpture in photoresist. Two experiments(More)
We have developed a custom scanning laser ophthalmoscope that uses phase plates produced by photolithography to improve the contrast of human retinal images. We combined the scanning engine from a commercial real-time confocal microscope with custom optics to provide medium magnification imaging of the human retina (3 degrees field of view). Defocus and(More)
The optical quality of the human eye varies across the visual field. Hence an exact compensation of the eye aberration for a given field point can give rise to a less-than-optimum compensation in neighboring field regions. We have studied some aspects of this problem and present here an approach to design wide-field (< 10 degrees) optically thin correcting(More)
The dependence of the ocular aberrations on gaze has been studied in three eyes using a fast-acquisition, Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor. Although there were some trends in the change of some aberration terms with gaze, the changes of most Zernike coefficients were smaller than their variability at each individual gaze position, due to the combined effects(More)
An analytical formulation that relates the modal expansion coefficients of a given wave front to its local transverse phase derivatives is proposed. The modal coefficients are calculated as a weighted integral over the wave-front slopes. The weighting functions for each mode are the components of a two-dimensional vector whose divergence equals the(More)
PURPOSE Green laser pointers with output powers in the tens to hundreds of milliwatt (mW) range, clearly exceeding the limiting 5 mW of American National Standards Institute class 3a (International Electrotechnical Commission class 3R), are now easily available in the global market. They are increasingly being used in public sky observations and other(More)