Saloua el Messaoudi

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW In patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, treatment with metformin is associated with a lower cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, compared with alternative glucose-lowering drugs. It has been suggested that metformin might exert direct protective effects on the heart. RECENT FINDINGS This review appraises recent experimental animal(More)
INTRODUCTION Large prospective studies in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus have demonstrated that metformin treatment improves cardiovascular prognosis, independent of glycemic control. Administration of metformin potently limits infarct size in murine models of myocardial infarction. This study examined, for the first time in humans, whether(More)
In patients with diabetes mellitus, the incidence of cardiovascular disease is increased, and the outcome following cardiovascular events is worse. The antihyperglycemic drug metformin appears to limit cardiovascular death in patients with type 2 diabetes. Indeed, preclinical studies have demonstrated that metformin limits (myocardial) ischemia and(More)
Dipyridamole reduces reperfusion-injury in preclinical trials and may be beneficial in patients undergoing coronary angioplasty, but its effect on patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is unknown. We hypothesized that dipyridamole limits myocardial reperfusion-injury in patients undergoing CABG. The trial design was a double-blind trial(More)
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE The increased central sympathetic activity typically associated with chronic heart failure (CHF) is probably mediated by formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the brain. Our objective was to undertake a trial to test our hypothesis that administration of the well-known antioxidant and ROS scavenger ascorbic acid, would(More)
Concomitant treatment with the glucose-lowering drug metformin and the platelet aggregation inhibitor dipyridamole often occurs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who have suffered a cerebrovascular event. The gastrointestinal uptake of metformin is mediated by the human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 4 (ENT4), which is inhibited by(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In patients with myocardial infarction, ticagrelor reduces cardiovascular and sepsis-related mortality, and can cause dyspnea. It is suggested that this is caused by adenosine receptor stimulation, because in preclinical studies, ticagrelor blocks the nucleoside transporter and increases cellular ATP release. We now investigated the(More)
Concerns have been raised about the development of heart failure in patients treated for cancer with angiogenesis inhibitors, such as the tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib. Patients with previous coronary artery disease and hypertension have an increased risk of developing heart failure. Therefore, we studied the effect of sunitinib on the contractility(More)