Salomon Marcello Stemmer

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BACKGROUND Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) has been reported in patients receiving bisphosphonates for metastatic bone disease. ONJ incidence, risk factors, and outcomes were evaluated in a combined analysis of three phase III trials in patients with metastatic bone disease receiving antiresorptive therapies. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with bone(More)
PURPOSE This phase III trial compared the efficacy and safety of gemcitabine (Gem) plus capecitabine (GemCap) versus single-agent Gem in advanced/metastatic pancreatic cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were randomly assigned to receive GemCap (oral capecitabine 650 mg/m2 twice daily on days 1 to 14 plus Gem 1,000 mg/m2 by 30-minute infusion on days 1(More)
PURPOSE Olaparib is an oral poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor with activity in germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) -associated breast and ovarian cancers. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of olaparib in a spectrum of BRCA1/2-associated cancers. PATIENTS AND METHODS This multicenter phase II study enrolled individuals with a germline BRCA1/2(More)
BACKGROUND Young cancer patients may occasionally face infertility and premature gonadal failure. Apart from its direct effect on follicles and oocytes, chemotherapy may induce ovarian toxicity via an impact on the entire ovary. The role of doxorubicin in potential ovarian failure remains obscure. Our intention was to elucidate doxorubicin-related toxicity(More)
Stromal cells within the tumor microenvironment are essential for tumor progression and metastasis. Surprisingly little is known about the factors that drive the transcriptional reprogramming of stromal cells within tumors. We report that the transcriptional regulator heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) is frequently activated in cancer-associated fibroblasts(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the time course for development of white matter changes induced by high-dose chemotherapy. METHODS Eight patients with advanced breast cancer were entered into a prospective, longitudinal trial that included examination by MR imaging and proton MR spectroscopy before chemotherapy and through 12 months(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the capacity of enriched CD34-positive (CD34+) progenitor cells to reconstitute hematopoiesis in poor-prognosis breast cancer patients following administration of a high-dose alkylating agent chemotherapy regimen. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-four breast cancer patients received high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous bone marrow(More)
Imatinib mesylate is the first of a novel group of drugs that specifically target protein tyrosine kinases, which are central to the pathogenesis of human cancer. It has been approved for the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia and gastrointestinal stromal tumor and has been found efficacious in other neoplastic diseases. Nilotinib and dasatinib, a(More)
BACKGROUND We compared the efficacy and toxicity of oral capecitabine and continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in the preoperative chemoradiation treatment of patients with rectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS The files of 89 patients with rectal cancer, 43 treated preoperatively with oral capecitabine and 46 with intravenous 5-FU, were reviewed,(More)
OBJECTIVE The efficacy and safety of olaparib, an oral poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, was investigated in a subgroup of patients with germline BRCA1/2 mutated (gBRCA1/2m) advanced ovarian cancer who had received ≥3 prior lines of chemotherapy. Primary data from this Phase II study (Study 42, ClinicalTrials.govNCT01078662) have been reported(More)