Salmaan Ahmed Khan

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Cultured mammalian cells are major vehicles for producing therapeutic proteins, and energy metabolism in those cells profoundly affects process productivity. The characteristic high glucose consumption and lactate production of industrial cell lines as well as their adverse effects on productivity have been the target of both cell line and process(More)
Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F26P2) was identified as a regulator of glucose metabolism over 25 years ago. A truly bifunctional enzyme, 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase (6PFK2/FBP2), with two active sites synthesizes F26P2 from fructose-6-phosphate (F6P) and ATP or degrades F26P2 to F6P and Pi. In the classic view, F26P2 regulates glucose(More)
Hepatic steatosis is characterized by the accumulation of lipid droplets (LDs), which are composed of a neutral lipid core surrounded by a phospholipid monolayer embedded with many proteins. Although the LD-associated proteome has been investigated in multiple tissues and organisms, the dynamic changes in the murine LD-associated proteome in response to(More)
Reducing obesity requires an elevation of energy expenditure and/or a suppression of food intake. Here we show that enhancing hepatic glycolysis reduces body weight and adiposity in obese mice. Overexpression of glucokinase or 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase is used to increase hepatic glycolysis. Either of the two treatments produces(More)
PFK-2/FBPase-2 (6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose 2,6-bisphosphatase) catalyses the formation and degradation of fructose 2,6-P(2) (fructose 2,6-bisphosphate) and is also a glucokinase-binding protein. The role of fructose 2,6-P(2) in regulating glucose metabolism and insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells is unresolved. We down-regulated the endogenous(More)
Hepatic insulin resistance is one of the characteristics of type 2 diabetes and contributes to the development of hyperglycemia. How changes in hepatic glucose flux lead to insulin resistance is not clearly defined. We determined the effects of decreasing the levels of hepatic fructose 2,6-bisphosphate (F26P(2)), a key regulator of glucose metabolism, on(More)
Metabolism is a highly integrated process that is coordinately regulated between tissues and within individual cells. FoxO proteins are major targets of insulin action and contribute to the regulation of gluconeogenesis, glycolysis, and lipogenesis in the liver. However, the mechanisms by which FoxO proteins exert these diverse effects in an integrated(More)
Hepatic steatosis is defined by the accumulation of lipid droplets (LDs). Once thought to be only inert energy storage depots, LDs are increasingly recognized as organelles that have important functions in hepatocytes beyond lipid storage. The lipid and protein composition of LDs is highly dynamic and influences their intrinsic metabolism and signaling(More)