Salma Smaoui

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Possibilistic networks are important tools for dealing with uncertain pieces of information. For multiplyconnected networks, it is well known that the inference process is a hard problem. This paper studies a new representation of possibilistic networks, called hybrid possibilistic networks. The uncertainty is no longer represented by local conditional(More)
This paper contains two important contributions for the development of possibilistic causal networks. The first one concerns the representation of interventions in possibilistic networks. We provide the counterpart of the ”DO” operator, recently introduced by Pearl, in possibility theory framework. We then show that interventions can equivalently be(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES Current methods for drug susceptibility testing (DST) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) are either costly or slow. As the prevalence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains increases, the need for fast, reliable, and inexpensive methods is obvious. This study evaluated a rapid colorimetric nitrate reductase assay (NRA) for direct DST of(More)
A total of 54 halophilic strains were isolated from crystallizer TS18 (26 strains) and non-crystallizer M1 (28 strains) ponds and screened for their ability to produce protease, amylase, and lipase activities. Enzymatic assays allowed the selection of thirty-two active strains, among them, the ETR14 strain from TS18 showed maximum protease production yields(More)
Ascribing causality amounts to determining what elements in a sequence of reported facts can be related in a causal way, on the basis of some knowledge about the course of the world. The paper offers a comparison of a large span of formal models (based on structural equations, non-monotonic consequence relations, trajectory preference relations,(More)
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND Tuberculosis is a major public health problem and the emergence of drug resistance complicates the situation even more. It is therefore crucial to implement all conclusions from the studies that aim at a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms which govern the emergence and the evolution of drug resistance. The aim of this(More)
Thermophilic Campylobacter spp. are one of the primary causes of bacterial human diarrhea. The consumption of poultry meats, by-products, or both is suspected to be a major cause of human campylobacteriosis. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in fresh poultry meat and poultry by-products by(More)