Sally T. Ishizaka

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Cellular fibronectin, which contains an alternatively spliced exon encoding type III repeat extra domain A (EDA), is produced in response to tissue injury. Fragments of fibronectin have been implicated in physiological and pathological processes, especially tissue remodeling associated with inflammation. Because EDA-containing fibronectin fragments produce(More)
Safe and cost-effective adjuvants are a critical requirement for subunit vaccine development. We report here the in vivo activity of a series of fully synthetic LPS receptor agonists that have been shown to activate NF-kappaB signaling through the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). These compounds boost antibody responses to protein antigens when coadministered(More)
Safe and cost-effective adjuvants are a critical component to enhance the efficacy of subunit vaccines. Studies have demonstrated that modified natural lipid As derived from enterobacterial lipopolysaccharides, which are agonists of Toll-like receptor 4, are beneficial to vaccine performance. The synthetic phospholipid dimer, E6020, mimics the(More)
Excessive release of proinflammatory cytokines by innate immune cells is an important component of the pathogenic basis of malaria. Proinflammatory cytokines are a direct output of Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation during microbial infection. Thus, interference with TLR function is likely to render a better clinical outcome by preventing their aberrant(More)
The development of new protein subunit vaccines has stimulated the search for improved adjuvants to replace traditional aluminum-containing products. We investigated the adjuvant effects of a synthetic Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) agonist on vaccine efficacy in an experimental model of toxic shock syndrome. The TLR4 agonist E6020 has a simplified structure(More)
Toll-like receptors are potent activators of the innate immune system and generate signals leading to the initiation of the adaptive immune response that can be utilized for therapeutic purposes. We tested the hypothesis that combined treatment with a Toll-like receptor agonist and an antitumor monoclonal antibody is effective and induces host-protective(More)
Bulk culture and limiting dilution analysis (LDA) were used to follow the ontogeny of the tolerant state in CBA/ HT6T6 mice neonatally tolerized to allogeneic histocompatibility antigens. Advantage was taken of the fact that the lymph nodes (LN) of young mice show immunocompetence before spleen cells do, allowing analysis of actual reactivity as early as 1(More)
Lupus is an autoimmune disease with a poorly understood etiology that manifests with a diverse pathology. This heterogeneity has been a challenge to clinical drug development efforts. A related difficulty is the uncertain translational power of animal models used for evaluating potential drug targets and candidate therapeutics, because it is unlikely that(More)
The ability of various (C57BL/6J X CBA/HT6T6)F1 spleen cell subpopulations to induce tolerance to allogeneic histocompatibility antigens after injection into neonatal CBA/HT6T6 mice was examined. The requirements for tolerization of cytotoxic T lymphocyte precursors (CTLp) and IL 2-producing helper T cell precursors (IL 2Tp) appear to be coordinated but not(More)