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To implicate further the surface mucoprotein as the factor responsible for preventing bacterial attachment to the bladder mucosa, rabbit urothelium was severely disrupted and allowed to regenerate for varying periods of time. Quantitative measurements of the attachment of 14C-labeled Escherichia coli were correlated with the histologic presence of the(More)
We have previously reported the cloning of the Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium SPI-1 secretion system and the use of this clone to functionally complement a ΔSPI-1 strain for type III secretion activity. In the current study, we discovered that S. Typhimurium cultures containing cloned SPI-1 display an adherent biofilm and cell clumps in the media.(More)
In order for micro-organisms to infect the urinary tract they must adhere to the vesical mucosa so that they remain after voiding. Experiments in our laboratory demonstrated that the bladder has a self-protective mechanism capable of preventing bacterial adherence to the surface. Histochemical staining demonstrated that this substance is a(More)
We have previusly provided physiologic and histochemical data implicating the bladder surface mucin layer as an important new antibacterial defense mechanism. This mucin or its contents seems to act as an "antiadherence factor", inhibiting bacterial adherence to the bladder mucosa and thereby facilitating the removal of bacteria by the voiding process. The(More)
Acute, exsanguinating hemorrhagic cystitis secondary to cyclophosphamide therapy, radiation therapy, or an infiltrating bladder tumor may be managed successfully with intravesical Formalin therapy. The indications for its use, the technique, success rates, and complications are discussed. This treatment was effective in 14 of 16 patients in the present(More)
14C-labeled Escherichia coli was introduced into acid-treated and intact rabbit bladders in vivo. Live, dead, and metabolically inhibited bacteria displayed similar interaction with the urothelium with and without intact surface mucoprotein. Disruption of the mucoprotein layer by acid reduced the defense potential in each group to a similar degree. Neither(More)