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BACKGROUND Anemia commonly complicates inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In patients with chronic renal failure, the treatment of anemia with iron+/-erythropoietin improves both quality of life (QOL) and cognitive function (CF). The same drugs are effective in treating severe anemia in IBD, but there is no evidence to direct the treatment of mild anemia.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous empirical studies of the cognitive sequelae of failure to thrive in infancy have led to apparently inconsistent conclusions. METHODS Studies of cognitive abilities in failure to thrive were located through published bibliographies, supplemented by a search through MEDLINE. They were classified (a) into those in which the cases were(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies suggest that failure to thrive in infancy may be associated with adverse sequelae in childhood. Although cognitive abilities have been extensively investigated, little systematic research is available on other aspects of development. METHODS Eighty-nine children who failed to thrive as infants and 91 controls were followed up(More)
Fifty-two children aged 18 months who had fallen across two weight centile lines were compared to 52 controls. Five years after the initial study, 89% of these children were traced. At follow-up, four of the cases but none of the controls had been placed in care and cases were significantly shorter and lighter than controls. Reanalysis of the early weight(More)
BACKGROUND Practitioners increasingly need to be able to evidence the quality of their care and their clinical competence for purposes of recredentialing and relicensing. Although this may be accomplished by audit and performance data, detailed and robust assessments of competence may be valuable in certain circumstances. OBJECTIVE To develop and evaluate(More)
A 1-year cohort of children born at term in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1987/8 was screened for failure to thrive in infancy using a conditional longitudinal standard which identified those whose weight gain was in the lowest 5%. A group of 136 cases and 136 controls (from the same GP practice and living in a neighbourhood with the same deprivation index) was(More)
Previous studies have examined the relationship between low weight gain (failure to thrive) in infancy and later cognitive ability, but no study to date appears to have examined the relationship between weight gain in infancy across the 'normal' range and later cognitive ability. We report results for a large prospective birth cohort of the relationship(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if there is a sex difference in infancy in the new British national standards for weight (based on data from 1990). DESIGN Weight data in a birth cohort were compared with the 1990 standards and Tanner and Whitehouse (1966) standards up to age 12 months. SETTING Newcastle upon Tyne. SUBJECTS 3418 term infants. RESULTS Our(More)
BACKGROUND Effectiveness of educational interventions targeted at improving delirium care is limited by implementation barriers. Studying factors which shape learning needs can overcome these knowledge transfer barriers. This in-depth qualitative study explores learning needs of hospital staff relating to care needs of the confused older patients. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Deficiencies in the knowledge, skills and attitudes of all healthcare professionals working within the general hospital contribute towards the suboptimal care of older hospitalized patients with confusion. In the U.K., policy dictates that Liaison Old Age Psychiatry teams deliver effective education to general hospital clinical staff. The purpose(More)