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STUDY DESIGN A comprehensive immunohistochemical study of matrix metalloproteinase activity in discs from patients with different disc diseases. OBJECTIVES To identify individual matrix metalloproteinase enzymes that could contribute to the degeneration of the matrix of the intervertebral disc, to identify the cells that produce matrix metalloproteinases(More)
BACKGROUND New methods have been used, with promising results, to treat full-thickness cartilage defects. The objective of the present study was to compare autologous chondrocyte implantation with microfracture in a randomized trial. We are not aware of any previous randomized studies comparing these methods. METHODS Eighty patients without general(More)
BACKGROUND The optimal treatment for cartilage lesions has not yet been established. The objective of this randomized trial was to compare autologous chondrocyte implantation with microfracture. This paper represents an update, with presentation of the clinical results at five years. METHODS Eighty patients who had a single chronic symptomatic cartilage(More)
The intervertebral disc is a cartilaginous structure that resembles articular cartilage in its biochemistry, but morphologically it is clearly different. It shows degenerative and ageing changes earlier than does any other connective tissue in the body. It is believed to be important clinically because there is an association of disc degeneration with back(More)
Meniscus deficient knees develop early osteoarthritis in the knee. Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation has provided a new dimension to the treatment of chondral defects in the knee, with 85% good to excellent results and a long-term durable outcome of up-to 11 years. However, it is contraindicated in meniscus deficient knees. Allogenic Meniscus(More)
The intervertebral disc is a highly organized matrix laid down by relatively few cells in a specific manner. The central gelatinous nucleus pulposus is contained within the more collagenous anulus fibrosus laterally and the cartilage end plates inferiorly and superiorly. The anulus consists of concentric rings or lamellae, with fibers in the outer lamellae(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of human intervertebral disc aggrecan on nerve growth and guidance, using in vitro techniques. METHODS Aggrecan extracted from human lumbar intervertebral discs was incorporated into tissue culture substrata for the culture of the human neuronal cell line, SH-SY5Y, or explants of chick dorsal root ganglia. The effects on(More)
The cartilaginous end-plate is thought to play an important role in the nutrition of the intervertebral disc, and hence may be of significance in the etiology of back pain. The present study describes the biochemical and histologic properties of the end-plate and adjacent tissues in the young human adult lumbar spine. Thus, a datum is established in which(More)
The distribution of microfibrils was studied immunohistochemically in intervertebral discs taken from young normal human surgical cases and from the bovine tail. Co-localization of microfibrils and elastin fibres was examined by dual immunostaining of fibrillin-1 and elastin. Collagen fibre network orientation was studied by using polarized filters. A(More)