Sally L Hodder

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967 — and it is particularly irresponsible when the interventions are provided at public expense. On the other hand, we must avoid an innovation policy that cuts off new interventions prematurely. Some interventions that are not cost-effective at first may prove to be so over time and with greater experience in implementing them. It is in gathering this(More)
To determine the relative efficacy of metrifonate and praziquantel in controlling urinary tract morbidity due to Schistosoma haematobium infection, a random allocation treatment trial was performed among 1,813 school age S. haematobium-infected children from the Msambweni area of Coast Province, Kenya. Following baseline examination for infection,(More)
To assess acute-phase proteins in relation to ageing, we measured serum concentrations of C-reactive protein of AGP in 131 healthy elderly individuals (aged >/= 65 years) living independently in the community, and 47 healthy younger individuals. Concentrations of CRP in the older persons (median = 3.0 microg/ml) were significantly greater than in the(More)
HIV/AIDS trends in the United States depict a concentrated epidemic with hot spots that vary by location, poverty, race/ethnicity, and transmission mode. HIV/AIDS is a leading cause of death among US women of color; two-thirds of new infections among women occur in black women, despite the fact that black women account for just 14% of the US female(More)
To determine the effect of targeted field administration of oral chemotherapeutic agents on the prevalence, intensity, and morbidity of Schistosoma haematobium infections, we initiated a long-term school-based program in the Msambweni area of Kwale District, Coast Province, Kenya. Prior to treatment, 69% of the children examined (ages 4-21, n = 2,628) were(More)
BACKGROUND A limiting antigen avidity enzyme immunoassay (HIV-1 LAg-Avidity assay) was recently developed for cross-sectional HIV incidence estimation. We evaluated the performance of the LAg-Avidity assay alone and in multi-assay algorithms (MAAs) that included other biomarkers. METHODS AND FINDINGS Performance of testing algorithms was evaluated using(More)
A serological study to determine the frequency of Bordetella pertussis infection in 100 adults aged >/=65 years was carried out over a 3-year period. Ten serum samples (collected every 4 months) from each subject were examined for IgA and IgG antibodies to the following B. pertussis antigens: pertussis toxin (PT), filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), pertactin,(More)
The objective of this study was to describe attitudes, opinions, and perceived health needs of HIV-infected women in the United States. In this cross-sectional study, women were invited to participate in the Women Living Positive survey, a structured interview instrument with 45 questions. Collected data were deidentified and the margin of error was(More)
A randomized, open-label, multicenter study was conducted to evaluate the therapeutic switch to a single-tablet formulation of efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir DF (EFV/FTC/TDF) among virologically suppressed, HIV-1-infected subjects. Eligible subjects on stable antiretroviral therapy (ART) with HIV-1 RNA less than 200 copies per milliliter for 3 months or(More)
BACKGROUND Women account for 23% of newly diagnosed HIV infections in the United States, but there are few recent, well-characterized cohorts of U.S. women in whom behavior characteristics and HIV acquisition have been well-described. OBJECTIVE To evaluate HIV incidence and describe behaviors among U.S. women residing in areas of high HIV prevalence. (More)