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OBJECTIVES This study examines the impact of the condom availability program in New York City public high schools by comparing rates of sexual activity and condom use for New York students and similar students in Chicago. METHODS A total of 7119 students from 12 randomly selected New York schools and 5738 students from 10 Chicago schools participated in a(More)
BACKGROUND Partner notification has been practiced for decades, with substantial resources directed towards it, and with little evidence on whether it has made a public health impact on disease transmission. Most of the evaluations were not randomized controlled trials, and were conducted in the United States, prior to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. There are(More)
We used adolescent simulated clients to evaluate whether HIV testing services in clinics participating in an adolescent-friendly initiative in Cape Town were superior to regular clinic services. We found improved accessibility to HIV testing, but no impact on adolescent's experience of negative attitudes from health workers and confidentiality breaches.
This review compares the effects of various sexually transmitted disease (STD) partner-notification strategies. Using review methods endorsed by the Cochrane Collaboration, it updates previous reviews, and addresses some of their methodological limitations. It includes 11 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing two or more strategies, including 8014(More)
Tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in people with HIV and about a quarter of HIV-related deaths are attributed to tuberculosis. In this Review we identify and synthesise published evidence for the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of eight integrated strategies recommended by WHO that represent coordinated delivery of HIV and(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the feasibility and impact of a health education intervention promoting partner notification for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). METHODS The research setting was a busy public health clinic in a rural district in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. A before/after quantitative study design was used to measure the effect of an(More)
Immigrant workers are a large segment of the lower echelon of the U.S. labor force, and as many as 3.6 to 6 million of these workers and their families are living in the U.S. illegally. This paper examines who the recent immigrants are: explains why their current situation in the U.S. is an important public health matter; discusses the ethical and policy(More)
OBJECTIVES This investigation examined the effectiveness of intensive efforts to include frequently absent students in order to reduce bias in classroom-based studies. METHODS Grade 10 students in 13 New York City high schools (n = 2049) completed self-administered confidential surveys in 4 different phases: a 1-day classroom capture, a 1-day follow-up,(More)