Learn More
PURPOSE To review cross-linking the cornea using riboflavin and ultraviolet A light, which has been widely adopted, refined and applied in a range of corneal surgeries and pathologies where the strength of the cornea might be compromised. RECENT FINDINGS A large number of clinical trials have been carried out, most of which have demonstrated that standard(More)
The collagen microstructure of the peripheral cornea is important in stabilizing corneal curvature and refractive status. However, the manner in which the predominantly orthogonal collagen fibrils of the central cornea integrate with the circumferential limbal collagen is unknown. We used microfocus wide-angle x-ray scattering to quantify the relative(More)
This study is a comparative study of the relationship between corneal structure, morphology, and function in a range of mammalian species. X-ray scattering patterns were gathered at regular spatial intervals over the excised cornea (and in most cases also the scleral rim) of humans, marmosets, horses, cows, pigs, rabbits, and mice. All patterns were(More)
PURPOSE To compare stromal riboflavin absorption after 20% alcohol application and partial or complete epithelial removal by analyzing light transmission properties of porcine corneas after riboflavin/ultraviolet A (UVA) corneal collagen cross-linking. METHODS Riboflavin 0.13% eye drops were applied to 18 porcine eyes (6 in which 20% alcohol solution had(More)
PURPOSE To map the collagen orientation and relative distribution of collagen fibrillar mass in keratoconus corneal buttons. METHODS Structural analysis was performed by obtaining synchrotron x-ray scattering patterns across the samples at 0.25-mm intervals. The patterns were analyzed to produce two-dimensional maps of the orientation of the lamellae and(More)
In keratoconus, the cornea becomes progressively ectactic resulting in severe visual impairment. Here, we use a combination of videokeratography and synchrotron X-ray diffraction to investigate the relationship between corneal shape and thickness, and the distribution and predominant orientation of stromal fibrillar collagen in five keratoconus corneas. In(More)
PURPOSE Aspects of the biomechanics and surface topography of fellow human corneas are known to exhibit midline symmetry, but the structural basis of these observations is poorly understood. The mechanical performance of the cornea is strongly influenced by the organization of stromal collagen fibrils. The present study was designed to examine and compare(More)
PURPOSE To study the distribution and predominant orientations of fibrillar collagen at different depths throughout the entire thickness of the human cornea. This information will form the basis of a full three-dimensional reconstruction of the preferred orientations of corneal lamellae. METHODS Femtosecond laser technology was used to delaminate the(More)
Corneal collagen ultrastructural changes occur during the healing process. The present study was designed to compare collagen ultrastructural changes after trephine wounding or flap creation. Bovine corneas were injured and maintained in organ culture for up to 4 weeks. Samples were removed from culture at 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks and snap frozen in liquid(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of Ultraviolet-A collagen cross-linking with hypo-osmolar and iso-osmolar riboflavin solutions on stromal collagen ultrastructure in normal and keratoconus ex vivo human corneas. METHODS Using small-angle X-ray scattering, measurements of collagen D-periodicity, fibril diameter and interfibrillar spacing were made at 1 mm(More)