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BACKGROUND Alcohol misuse, which includes the full spectrum from risky drinking to alcohol dependence, is a leading cause of preventable death in the United States. PURPOSE To evaluate the benefits and harms of behavioral counseling interventions for adolescents and adults who misuse alcohol. DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL,(More)
In vitro cytogenetic studies of amosite, chrysotile, and crocidolite asbestos have shown that these fibers may induce chromosome abnormalities and an elevated sister chromatid exchange (SCE) rate in mammalian cells. Twenty-five asbestos insulators (6 with radiographic asbestosis) were compared to 14 controls frequency matched for age and were found to have(More)
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) is a pesticide commonly used as a wood preservative. Although exposure has been well controlled in large chemical manufacturing plants, over-exposures have recently becomes a concern at smaller facilities. Five cases of PCP poisoning, including two fatalities, occurred in two small wood preservative plants. All cases presented with(More)
Variants associated with meconium ileus in cystic fibrosis were identified in 3,763 affected individuals by genome-wide association study (GWAS). Five SNPs at two loci near SLC6A14 at Xq23-24 (minimum P = 1.28 × 10(-12) at rs3788766) and SLC26A9 at 1q32.1 (minimum P = 9.88 × 10(-9) at rs4077468) accounted for ~5% of phenotypic variability and were(More)
From 1973 to 1974, a longitudinal study of pulmonary function in 113 Utah copper smelter workers reported significant declines in FVC and FEV1 related to sulfur dioxide exposure. In 1980, we performed a 7-yr follow-up study, finding significant increases in FVC and FEV1. The 66 follow-up participants were similar to those 47 lost to follow-up with regard to(More)
The risk of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is higher in infants with a birth weight less than 1501 g (3 lb 5 oz). Identification programs coupled with refined treatment procedures can reduce visual impairment in infants with ROP. Physicians providing in-hospital care to these infants should ensure that ophthalmologic referral has been established before(More)
Fetal head biparietal (BP) measurements by ultrasonic techniques and amniotic fluid lecithin-sphingomyelin (L/S) ratios were simultaneously determined (within 2 days) on 84 occasions in 72 women. Using the criteria for maturity of an L/S ratio of 2.0 or more or a BP measurement of 9.0 cm or more, there was agreement between these test results in 66.7% of(More)