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Mitochondrial dysfunction has been proposed as a mediator of neurodegeneration in diabetes complications. The aim of this study was to determine whether deficits in insulin-dependent neurotrophic support contributed to depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane in sensory neurons of streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Whole cell fluorescent video(More)
This study aimed to correlate the onset of functional deficits in diabetic neuropathy with changes in gene expression in rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG). After 1, 4, or 8 weeks of streptozotocin-induced diabetes, sensory and motor nerve conduction velocities (NCV) were measured as an indicator of neuropathy and changes in gene expression were measured using(More)
This study examined the role of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in transducing high glucose into deficits in nerve conduction velocity (NCV) that are characteristic of diabetic neuropathy. p38 activation and NCV were measured in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats treated with a p38 inhibitor, an aldose reductase inhibitor, and insulin. Dorsal(More)
The extracellular calcium-sensing receptor CaSR is expressed in blood vessels where its role is not completely understood. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the CaSR expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) is directly involved in regulation of blood pressure and blood vessel tone. Mice with targeted CaSR gene ablation from vascular(More)
Diabetic neuropathy is a major complication of diabetes and has multifactoral aetiology. The exact cause of damage is unknown although high glucose and oxidative stress are known to contribute significantly. In order to identify molecular targets of the disease and possibly new therapeutic targets, we previously examined the effect of diabetes on dorsal(More)
The effect of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes on expression and activity of hexokinase, the first enzyme and rate-limiting step in glycolysis, was studied in sensory neurons of lumbar dorsal root ganglia (DRG). The DRG and sciatic nerve of adult rats expressed the hexokinase I isoform only. Immunofluorescent staining of lumbar DRG demonstrated that(More)
Peripheral neuropathy is a common, irreversible complication of diabetes. We investigated whether gene transfer of an engineered zinc finger protein transcription factor (ZFP-TF) designed to upregulate expression of the endogenous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A gene could protect against experimental diabetic neuropathy. ZFP-TF-driven(More)
In recent years, there has been considerable activity to identify urinary biomarkers of nephrotoxicity as noninvasive measurements with greater sensitivity and specificity than traditional biomarkers, such as serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen. Our study aimed to use cisplatin-treated rats to evaluate the use of immunohistochemistry directed at(More)
Diabetes activates all three groups of MAP kinases in sensory ganglia. Inhibition of this activation for the ERK and p38 groups prevents nerve damage, and agents that improve neuronal function in diabetic rats-antioxidants and aldose reductase inhibitors-also inhibit activation of ERK and p38 in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). However, these same treatments(More)
Many efficacious cancer treatments cause significant cardiac morbidity, yet biomarkers or functional indices of early damage, which would allow monitoring and intervention, are lacking. In this study, we have utilized a rat model of progressive doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiomyopathy, applying multiple approaches, including cardiac magnetic resonance(More)