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Intracellular electrophysiological studies were performed on isolated canine cardiac tissues to investigate further the reported ability of clofilium (3 X 10(-8)--10(-6) M) to selectively increase action potential duration (APD) and refractoriness. In Purkinje fibers from normal dogs, clofilium did not influence (1) the rate of rise of the action potential(More)
The influence of potassium ions on the equilibrium state of the binding of cardiac glycosides and their derivatives to partially purified dog heart and rat brain enzyme preparations was studied in vitro. The addition of potassium to the incubation mixture containing enzyme preparation, 3H-ouabain, Na+, Mg2+ and ATP, at the time when the binding reaction is(More)
Pinacidil, a potassium channel opener (PCO), relaxes vascular smooth muscle by increasing potassium ion membrane conductance, thereby causing membrane hyperpolarization. PCOs also act on cardiac muscle to decrease action potential duration (APD) selectively. To examine the enantiomeric selectivity of pinacidil, the stereoisomers of pinacidil (a(More)
cis-4-(4-Phenoxy)-1-[1-oxo-2(R)-[4-[(2-sulfobenzoyl)amino)-1H- imidazol-1-yl]octyl]-L-proline derivatives represent a novel class of potent nonpeptide angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor antagonists. These compounds evolved from directed structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies on a lead identified by random screening. Further SAR studies revealed that(More)
The effect of potassium on the binding of digoxin or digoxigenin to isolated Na+, K+-ATPase was compared with that of potassium on the positive inotropic action of the agents in guinea-pig hearts. The binding of digoxigenin to the enzyme in vitro was reduced to a greater extent by potassium than was the binding of digotoxin. The digoxigenin-induced increase(More)
We investigated the binding and pharmacologic properties of peptides encoded by complementary mRNA derived from the human and rat angiotensinogen gene (human and rat IIA, respectively). Human IIA (identical with AII in 4 amino acids) inhibited binding of [125I]AII to rat adrenal glomerulosa particles (Ki = 0.62 +/- 0.09 microM) and competitively blocked,(More)
We investigated the characteristics of 125I-AII binding to rat adrenal and bovine cerebellar membranes in the presence and absence of new nonpeptide angiotensin II (AII) receptor ligands. The imidazole AII ligands, DUP753 and WL19, both produced biphasic competition curves to 125I-AII binding in rat adrenal glomerulosa and adrenal medulla particles,(More)
Recently, a new imidazoline (I2) ligand, [3H]2-(2-benzofuranyl)-2-imidazoline (BFI) was shown to be more selective for I2 vs alpha 2 binding in rodent brain. We characterized [3H]BFI binding in human brain cortex and lateral reticular nucleus (NRL). Membranes were incubated with [3H]BFI at 22 degrees C in 50 mM Tris, 1.5 mM EDTA at pH 7.5. Saturation(More)