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The myelin sheath is a multilayered membrane in the nervous system, which has unique biochemical properties. Myelin carries a set of specific high-abundance proteins, the structure and function of which are still poorly understood. The proteins of the myelin sheath are involved in a number of neurological diseases, including autoimmune diseases and(More)
Peripheral myelin protein 2 (Pmp2, P2 or Fabp8), a member of the fatty acid binding protein family, was originally described together with myelin basic protein (Mbp or P1) and myelin protein zero (Mpz or P0) as one of the most abundant myelin proteins in the peripheral nervous system (PNS). Although Pmp2 is predominantly expressed in myelinated Schwann(More)
Filamins are actin filament cross-linking proteins composed of an N-terminal actin-binding domain and 24 immunoglobulin-like domains (IgFLNs). Filamins interact with numerous proteins, including the cytoplasmic domains of plasma membrane signaling and cell adhesion receptors. Thereby filamins mechanically and functionally link the cell membrane to the(More)
P2 is a fatty acid-binding protein expressed in vertebrate peripheral nerve myelin, where it may function in bilayer stacking and lipid transport. P2 binds to phospholipid membranes through its positively charged surface and a hydrophobic tip, and accommodates fatty acids inside its barrel structure. The structure of human P2 refined at the ultrahigh(More)
A link between sites of cell adhesion and the cytoskeleton is essential for regulation of cell shape, motility, and signaling. Migfilin is a recently identified adaptor protein that localizes at cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix adhesion sites, where it is thought to provide a link to the cytoskeleton by interacting with the actin cross-linking(More)
Filamins are large proteins that cross-link actin filaments and connect to other cellular components. The C-terminal rod 2 region of FLNa (filamin A) mediates dimerization and interacts with several transmembrane receptors and intracellular signalling adaptors. SAXS (small-angle X-ray scattering) experiments were used to make a model of a six(More)
Filamins are scaffold proteins that bind to various proteins, including the actin cytoskeleton, integrin adhesion receptors, and adaptor proteins such as migfilin. Alternative splicing of filamin, largely constructed from 24 Ig-like domains, is thought to have a role in regulating its interactions with other proteins. The filamin A splice variant-1 (FLNa(More)
Immunoglobulin-like (Ig) domains are a widely expanded superfamily that act as interaction motifs or as structural spacers in multidomain proteins. Vertebrate filamins (FLNs), which are multifunctional actin-binding proteins, consist of 24 Ig domains. We have recently discovered that in the C-terminal rod 2 region of FLN, Ig domains interact with each other(More)
Juxtanodin, also called ermin, is an F-actin-binding protein expressed by oligodendrocytes, the myelin-forming cells of the central nervous system. While juxtanodin carries a short conserved F-actin-binding segment at its C terminus, it otherwise shares no similarity with known protein sequences. We carried out a structural characterization of recombinant(More)
Filamin A (FLNa) is a large dimeric protein that binds to actin filaments via its actin-binding domain (ABD). The crystal structure of this domain was solved at 3.2 A resolution. The domain adopts a closed conformation typical of other ABDs, but also forms a dimer both in crystallization conditions and in solution. The structure shows the localization of(More)