Salla Keskitalo

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Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for neurodegeneration, and binding of copper by homocysteine is a putative underlying mechanism. As mutations of the copper-dependent superoxide dismutase are observed in familial ALS, we tested whether genetic variants with influence on homocysteine metabolism are associated with ALS. We compared the frequency of seven(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory demyelinating autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. We investigated the association of two missense variants of the MTHFR gene, i.e. MTHFR c.677C>T (p.A222V) and c.1298A>C (p.E429A), in 138 patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis of relapsing-remitting course and 138 age- and gender-matched(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Both homocysteine (Hcy) and amyloid β (Aβ), which accumulates in the brain of AD patients, bind copper. Aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the association of Hcy and AD results from a molecular interaction between Hcy and Aβ that is mediated by copper. We established a(More)
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is necessary for the synthesis of methionine and S-adenosylmethionine, which is necessary for CNS (re-)myelination. The MTHFR variant c.1298A>C was associated with the development of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) in a German population. This study aimed at analyzing whether further genetic variants(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP) has been considered as a drug target for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. In plasma, PREP has been found altered in several disorders of the central nervous system including multiple sclerosis (MS). Oxidative stress and the levels of an endogenous plasma PREP inhibitor have been proposed to decrease PREP activity in(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). The causality of this association is controversial. In this study we tested the effect of a hyperhomocysteinemia-inducing diet in the ArcAβ transgenic AD mouse model. At 14 months of age, the hyperhomocysteinemia-inducing diet yielded higher plasma homocysteine levels in ArcAβ mice compared(More)
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