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OBJECTIVES Coexpression of certain combinations of natural killer cell receptor KIR3DL1 and HLA-B alleles is associated with slower time to AIDS. The strongest protection in terms of disease outcome in KIR3DL1 homozygotes (3DL1 hmz) is coexpression of HLA-B*57 and a set of KIR3DL1 genotypes (3DL1*h/*y) lacking alleles expressed at low levels on natural(More)
Epidemiological studies in humans have implicated carriage of combinations of genes encoding certain KIR3DL1 (killer Ig-like receptor 3DL1) alleles and their HLA-Bw4 ligands in slower progression to AIDS, lower viral load and protection from infection. Given that the KIR3DL1*h/*y/HLA-B*57 genetic combination is strongly associated with favorable HIV(More)
OBJECTIVES Natural killer (NK) cell activity is increased in individuals who remain uninfected despite repeated exposures to HIV. Given that a combined major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) KIR3D genotype has been linked to rate of HIV disease progression, we assessed whether these genotypes played a(More)
Carriage of the natural killer (NK) receptor genotype KIR3DL1*h/*y with its HLA-B*57 ligand (*h/*y+B*57) is associated with slow time to AIDS and low viral load (VL). To provide a functional basis for these epidemiological observations, we assessed whether HIV-1-infected slow progressors (SP) carrying the *h/*y+B*57 compound genotype would have increased NK(More)
Inhibitory Killer Immunoglobulin-like Receptors (iKIR) interact with their ligands, HLA molecules, to license Natural Killer (NK) cells for functional competence. Previous studies stimulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with the HLA-devoid K562 cell line revealed that NK cells from individuals with an iKIR encoded by the KIR3DL1 locus with(More)
HIV-specific immune responses in acute infection early disease (AIED) may be effective at controlling viral replication and in establishing viral load (VL) set point. However, evidence correlating the function and specificity of these responses with the VL set point is lacking. To address this issue, we screened cells from 59 treatment-naïve HIV infected(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of the signals that should be provided by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) to induce a CD8(+) T cell response in vivo is essential to improve vaccination strategies using antigen-loaded APCs. Although dendritic cells have been extensively studied, the ability of other APC types, such as B cells, to induce a CD8(+) T cell(More)
Immunological activity in the CNS is largely dependent on an innate immune response and is heightened in diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and Alzheimer's disease. The molecular dynamics governing immune cell recruitment to sites of injury and disease in the CNS during sterile inflammation remain(More)
During infection or vaccination, only a small proportion of CD8(+) T cells differentiate into memory cells. The mechanisms underlying the differentiation of CD8(+) T cells into short-lived effector cells (SLECs) or memory precursor effector cells are poorly defined. It was recently shown in infectious models that the transcriptional repressor B(More)
Following activation, naïve CD8(+) T cells will differentiate into effectors that differ in their ability to survive: some will persist as memory cells while the majority will die by apoptosis. Signals given by antigen-presenting cells (APCs) at the time of priming modulate this differential outcome. We have recently shown that, in opposition to dendritic(More)