Salix Boulet

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OBJECTIVES Natural killer (NK) cell activity is increased in individuals who remain uninfected despite repeated exposures to HIV. Given that a combined major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) KIR3D genotype has been linked to rate of HIV disease progression, we assessed whether these genotypes played a(More)
Carriage of the natural killer (NK) receptor genotype KIR3DL1*h/*y with its HLA-B*57 ligand (*h/*y+B*57) is associated with slow time to AIDS and low viral load (VL). To provide a functional basis for these epidemiological observations, we assessed whether HIV-1-infected slow progressors (SP) carrying the *h/*y+B*57 compound genotype would have increased NK(More)
OBJECTIVES Coexpression of certain combinations of natural killer cell receptor KIR3DL1 and HLA-B alleles is associated with slower time to AIDS. The strongest protection in terms of disease outcome in KIR3DL1 homozygotes (3DL1 hmz) is coexpression of HLA-B*57 and a set of KIR3DL1 genotypes (3DL1*h/*y) lacking alleles expressed at low levels on natural(More)
Epidemiological studies in humans have implicated carriage of combinations of genes encoding certain KIR3DL1 (killer Ig-like receptor 3DL1) alleles and their HLA-Bw4 ligands in slower progression to AIDS, lower viral load and protection from infection. Given that the KIR3DL1*h/*y/HLA-B*57 genetic combination is strongly associated with favorable HIV(More)
Inhibitory Killer Immunoglobulin-like Receptors (iKIR) interact with their ligands, HLA molecules, to license Natural Killer (NK) cells for functional competence. Previous studies stimulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with the HLA-devoid K562 cell line revealed that NK cells from individuals with an iKIR encoded by the KIR3DL1 locus with(More)
Several combinations of genes encoding KIR3DL1 alleles and their HLA‐Bw4 ligands have been linked with favorable outcomes upon exposure to or infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Some protective KIR3DL1/HLA‐Bw4 combinations confer elevated natural killer (NK) cell functional potential. The K562‐stimulated functionality of NK cells from(More)
The single color IFN-gamma ELISPOT assay has become a standard for assessing HIV-specific immune responses in HIV-infected subjects. However, recent data suggests that single cytokine detection for immune monitoring of HIV-infected individuals may not be sufficient to fully describe virus-specific immune responses. Here, we have designed and validated a(More)
The classical mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) ERK1 and ERK2 are activated upon stimulation of cells with a broad range of extracellular signals (including antigens) allowing cellular responses to occur. ERK3 is an atypical member of the MAPK family with highest homology to ERK1/2. Therefore, we evaluated the role of ERK3 in mature T cell response.(More)
Using a dual color ELISPOT assay able to detect HIV-specific IFN-gamma, IL-2 and dual IFN-gamma/IL-2 secreting lymphocytes we screened for HIV peptide-specific responses directed against the entire HIV proteome in two groups of untreated HIV-infected individuals, slow progressors (SP) and progressors. We found that the three functional lymphocyte subsets(More)
During infection or vaccination, only a small proportion of CD8(+) T cells differentiate into memory cells. The mechanisms underlying the differentiation of CD8(+) T cells into short-lived effector cells (SLECs) or memory precursor effector cells are poorly defined. It was recently shown in infectious models that the transcriptional repressor B(More)