Salim Mottagui-Tabar

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This study describes comprehensive polling of transcription start and termination sites and analysis of previously unidentified full-length complementary DNAs derived from the mouse genome. We identify the 5' and 3' boundaries of 181,047 transcripts with extensive variation in transcripts arising from alternative promoter usage, splicing, and(More)
Mammalian promoters can be separated into two classes, conserved TATA box-enriched promoters, which initiate at a well-defined site, and more plastic, broad and evolvable CpG-rich promoters. We have sequenced tags corresponding to several hundred thousand transcription start sites (TSSs) in the mouse and human genomes, allowing precise analysis of the(More)
Antisense transcription (transcription from the opposite strand to a protein-coding or sense strand) has been ascribed roles in gene regulation involving degradation of the corresponding sense transcripts (RNA interference), as well as gene silencing at the chromatin level. Global transcriptome analysis provides evidence that a large proportion of the(More)
There is a large inter-individual variation in circulating leptin concentrations at each level of body fat content. The reason for this is unknown. We investigated whether a polymorphism in the promoter region of the leptin gene (-2548G/A) influences gene transcription and leptin expression in 39 non-obese female subjects. Eleven subjects were homozygous(More)
Extensive animal studies suggest neuropeptide Y (NPY) to be involved in coping with a wide range of stressors, and that impaired central NPY signalling could be involved in the pathophysiology of anxiety and depression. Human studies of central NPY levels in depression have, however, been inconclusive. Here, we examined levels of NPY-like immunoreactivity(More)
We investigated the role of the adipocyte-specific protein perilipin for lipolysis in humans. Perilipin protein content and lipolysis rates were measured in human subcutaneous fat cells of non-obese (n=10) and obese (n=117) women. Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the perilipin gene were examined in obese subjects. Basal and noradrenaline-induced rates of(More)
Ribosome recycling factor (RRF) catalyzes the fourth step of protein synthesis in vitro: disassembly of the post-termination complex of ribosomes, mRNA and tRNA. We now report the first in vivo evidence of RRF function using 12 temperature-sensitive Escherichia coli mutants which we isolated in this study. At non-permissive temperatures, most of the(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a modulator of alcohol intake in animal models of alcoholism, and is potentially involved in alcohol dependence. A coding Leu7Pro polymorphism in the signal peptide of preproNPY has been described, and the Pro7 allele has been reported to correlate with increased alcohol consumption in non-dependent Finnish males.(More)
BACKGROUND Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a major endogenous regulator of anxiety-related behaviors and emotionality. Transgenic work with NPY and null-mutant mice have implicated NPY in the control of alcohol consumption, suggesting that genetic variation of the prepro-NPY gene may also contribute to the heritability of alcoholism. The aim of this study was to(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) has been implicated in the control of food intake and energy balance based on many observations in animals. We have studied single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the regulatory and coding sequences of the human NPY gene. One variant (1128 T>C), which causes an amino acid change from leucine to proline at codon 7 in the signal(More)