Salim F. Idriss

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INTRODUCTION Electrical restitution, relating action potential duration (APD) to diastolic interval (DI), was believed to determine the stability of heart rhythm. However, recent studies demonstrate that stability also depends on long-term APD changes caused by memory. This study presents a new method for investigation of rate- and memory-dependent aspects(More)
We have previously described 2D array ultrasound transducers operating up to 10 MHz for applications including real time 3D transthoracic imaging, real time volumetric intracardiac echocardiography (ICE), real time 3D intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging, and real time 3D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). We have recently built a pair of 2D array(More)
OBJECTIVE Although many Fontan patients undergo pacemaker placement, there are few studies characterizing this population. Our purpose was to compare clinical characteristics, functional status and measures of ventricular performance in Fontan patients with and without a pacemaker. PATIENTS AND DESIGN The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute funded(More)
Spatial organization has been observed during episodes of ventricular fibrillation (VF) by recording epicardial unipolar electrograms on a grid of electrodes. In such studies, the choice of spacing between electrodes is an important decision, affecting the resolution and the size of the domain to be studied. A basic tenet of sampling theory, the Nyquist(More)
BACKGROUND The critical-point and upper-limit-of-vulnerability (ULV) hypotheses predict that the ULV dose-response curve should be steeper and to the right of the defibrillation (DF) curve. Yet, some recent experimental data contradict this prediction. Two studies are presented that test two explanations for the contradiction: (1) Testing at a single point(More)
Well-tolerated internal atrial defibrillation shocks must be below the pain threshold, which has been estimated to be less than 1 Joule. Defibrillation of the atria with low energy is made possible by delivering shocks at the low end of the defibrillation dose-response curve. We studied low-energy defibrillation in sheep to test the hypothesis that the(More)
PURPOSE Electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities are universal in infantile Pompe disease or glycogen storage disease type II, a fatal genetic muscle disorder caused by deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA). Hallmarks of this disease include a shortened PR interval, an increased QT dispersion (QTd), and large left ventricular (LV) voltages. We evaluated(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was to examine the prevalence of arrhythmias and identify independent associations of time to arrhythmia development. BACKGROUND Since introduction of the Fontan operation in 1971, long-term results have steadily improved with newer modifications. However, atrial arrhythmias are frequent and contribute to ongoing morbidity and(More)
BACKGROUND The Pediatric Heart Network's Single Ventricle Reconstruction (SVR) trial randomized infants with single right ventricles (RVs) undergoing a Norwood procedure to a modified Blalock-Taussig or RV-to-pulmonary artery shunt. This report compares RV parameters in the 2 groups using 3-dimensional echocardiography. METHODS AND RESULTS(More)
Using catheter-mounted 2-D array transducers, we have obtained real-time 3-D intracardiac ultrasound (US) images. We have constructed several transducers with 64 channels inside a 12 French catheter lumen operating at 5 MHz. The transducer configuration may be side-scanning or beveled, with respect to the long axis of the catheter lumen. We have also(More)