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BACKGROUND Anti-platelet therapy is an important component of medical therapy post coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). While aspirin administration is a Class I indication after CABG, the benefit of concomitant clopidogrel is a controversial issue. METHODS We searched OVID Medline, Cochrane, Scopus, and EMBASE for randomized control trials and(More)
BACKGROUND A competent aortic valve is essential to providing effective left ventricular assist device support. We have adopted a practice of central aortic valve closure by placing a simple coaptation stitch at left ventricular assist device implantation in patients with significant aortic insufficiency. We conducted a follow-up study to evaluate the(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiac transplantation is an effective surgical therapy for end-stage heart failure. Patients (pts) may need to be bridged with a continuous flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) while on the transplant list as logistic factors like organ availability are unknown. Cardiac transplantation post-LVAD can be a surgically challenging(More)
BACKGROUND Data comparing results of off-pump and conventional operations in octogenarians is very limited. Thus we chose to compare early adverse events between off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) and on-pump CABG (ONCABG) in patients older than 80 years. METHODS Systematic review of multiple databases was performed to obtain original(More)
BACKGROUND A clear consensus regarding the optimal source of pulmonary blood flow in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome undergoing the Norwood procedure is lacking. METHODS A literature search was undertaken to identify relevant articles from 2005 to 2012 using "Norwood, stage 1 palliation," "Modified Blalock Taussig shunt (MBTS)," "right(More)
BACKGROUND We reviewed our experience with the surgical management of supravalvar aortic stenosis (SVAS) to determine long-term outcomes and factors related to late reoperation. METHODS Between August 1956 and May 2009, 78 patients (50 males) underwent surgical correction of SVAS. Median age was 10.4 years (range, 16 days to 55.2 years). Mean preoperative(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an important cause of heart failure in children, but there are limited data addressing outcome of myectomy in children. Our objective was to evaluate the early and late results of septal myectomy in pediatric HCM. METHODS We reviewed 127 consecutive patients (62% male) who underwent transaortic(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is superior to percutaneous intervention in diabetic patients with multivessel disease. The use of bilateral internal thoracic arteries (BITA) may provide better long-term graft patency, but the risk of postoperative deep sternal wound infection has limited its use in diabetic patients. However, studies have(More)
Left thoracotomy was used as an approach for the implantation of pulsatile ventricular assist devices. Avoiding the standard approach of median sternotomy is attractive in patients undergoing complicated redo cardiac surgery, especially with prior mediastinal radiation. We report a case of the use of left thoracotomy for the implantation of the HeartMate II(More)
The Beta-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs) stimulation enhances contractility through protein kinase-A (PKA) substrate phosphorylation. This PKA signaling is conferred in part by PKA binding to A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs). AKAPs coordinate multi-protein signaling networks that are targeted to specific intracellular locations, resulting in the(More)