Salha Ibrahem

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Following an outbreak caused by staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) type V methicillin (meticillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a point-prevalence survey of the nasal carriage of staphylococci was conducted in a long-term-care facility in northern Finland in 2004. The focus was directed at methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative(More)
Clostridium difficile infection is most often induced by antibiotic treatment. Recently, morbidity and mortality resulting especially from C. difficile PCR ribotype 027 have increased significantly. In addition, more severe disease has been associated with C. difficile PCR ribotype 078 strains. Thus, reliable typing methods for epidemic control are needed.(More)
BACKGROUND In Finland, the annual number of MRSA notifications to the National Infectious Disease Register (NIDR) has constantly increased since 1995, and molecular typing has revealed numerous outbreak isolates of MRSA. We analyzed the data on MRSA notifications of the NIDR, and MRSA isolates were identified mainly by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis(More)
In order to study the clonality of clinical methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) strains and their staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) elements, 60 isolates of MRSE from bacteraemic patients in three units of the Helsinki University Hospital, Finland were selected, covering the periods 1990-1993 and 1997-1998. The MRSE strains(More)
In Finland, the incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains has increased ten fold within the last decade. In order to follow the changing epidemiology of MRSA, accurate typing of S. aureus strains is important. The purpose of this study was to reanalyse 44 previously recognised Finnish epidemic MRSA strains (EMRSA) by several(More)
Our point-prevalence survey followed an outbreak of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in a long-term care facility and identified five MRSA strains, of which two possessed an outbreak genotype not encountered previously and three had another profile. All of them possessed SCCmec type V. Six methicillin-sensitive S. aureus strains were(More)
Since 2000, the epidemiology of C. difficile infections (CDI) has changed in the US and Europe. Few population-based assessments of both incidence and case fatality of CDI have been performed. In this study, the Finnish nationwide laboratory-based surveillance data from the year 2008 were analysed to assess the incidence and case fatality of CDI, and to(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains from Finland covering years 1997–1999 were studied for the presence of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) gene loci, and the clinically well-defined community-acquired MRSA (CA-MRSA) strains (n = 108) also for staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec (SCCmec) and multilocus sequence types (MLST). Only(More)
pls, a gene found in type I staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) regions of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains, was present in 12 of the 15 human clinical Staphylococcus sciuri isolates studied. Pls was expressed in the S. sciuri isolates, although at a lower level than in S. aureus. Other parts of SCCmec could also be found in(More)
The frequency of horizontal transfer of the staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec to methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus is unknown. In order to gain more information regarding this frequency in Finland, the genotypes of 299 clinical methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus isolates were compared to representatives of 24 epidemic(More)