Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the major pediatric cancer in developed countries. The etiology of ALL remains poorly understood, with few established environmental risk factors. These risks were influenced by co-inheritance of multiple low-risk genetic polymorphisms such as variants within cytochrome P450A1 (CYP1A1), NADPH: quinone oxidoreductase… (More)
Mutations in the KRAS gene have been shown to play a key role in the pathogenesis of a variety of human tumours. However the mutational spectrum of KRAS gene differs by organ site. In this study, we have analysed the mutational spectrum of KRAS exon 1 in bladder tumours, colorectal cancer (CRC) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). A total of 366 patients… (More)
TP53 also known as p53 is a tumor suppressor gene mutated in a variety of cancers. P53 is involved in cell cycle, apoptosis and DNA repair mechanisms and is thus tightly controlled by many regulators. Recently, strategies to treat cancer have focused on the development of MDM2 antagonists to induce p53 stabilization and restore cell death in p53 non-mutated… (More)
Targeted therapy in the form of selective breakpoint cluster region-abelson (BCR/ABL) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (imatinib mesylate) has successfully been introduced in the treatment of the chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, acquired resistance against imatinib mesylate (IM) has been reported in nearly half of patients and has been recognized as major… (More)
β-Globin haplotypes are important to establish the ethnic origin and predict the clinical development of sickle cell disease patients (SCD). To determine the chromosomal background of β (S) Tunisian sickle cell patients, in this first study in Tunisia, we have explored four polymorphic regions of β-globin cluster on chromosome 11. It is the 5' region of… (More)
AIM To determine the implication of the polymorphism, namely, A(TA)nTAA of UGT1A1 in lithogenesis for the first time in Tunisia among sickle cell anemia (SCA) children patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Our study was performed in 2010 and it involved 76 subjects chosen as control group characterized with normal hemoglobin status and presence of cholelithiasis… (More)
We report the case of a 35-year-old Tunisian women with a chronic anemia non investigated for a long time. Laboratory analysis using advanced technology of DNA sequencing revealed a compound heterozygote for Hb O Arab and cd 39 beta degrees-thalassemia. It's the first time that such a genotype has been characterized by gene sequencing.