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The occurrence of the C282Y and H63D mutations of the HFE gene, responsible for toxic iron overload in the liver (hereditary hemochromatosis), was still unknown in Tunisia. We report the screening of 194 chromosomes from 97 randomly collected cord blood samples. The mutations were analyzed by PCR followed by DNA sequencing. The mild H63D and the severe(More)
We determined the spectrum of beta-thalassemia (thal) mutations in 118 affected unrelated patients with different forms of beta-thal. Using a combination of reverse dot-blot analysis, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR/RFLP) and direct nucleotide sequencing, we identified(More)
We present the characterization of the molecular spectrum and frequency data of alpha-thal (thal) defects in Tunisia, and an evaluation of the efficacy and limitations of Hb Bart's (gamma4) measurement for the screening of alpha-thal at birth. Cord blood samples were collected from two different areas: the northeast of the country, an area where Hb H(More)
Targeted therapy in the form of selective breakpoint cluster region-abelson (BCR/ABL) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (imatinib mesylate) has successfully been introduced in the treatment of the chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, acquired resistance against imatinib mesylate (IM) has been reported in nearly half of patients and has been recognized as major(More)
The a1 thalassaemia alleles in 501p thalas-saemia heterozygotes originating from many parts of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have been characterised using the allele specific priming technique of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The IVSI-5 (G-.C) mutation was found to be present in 66%, while six other alleles occurred at the much lower frequencies of(More)
Screening of G6PD deficiency was carried out on 79 unrelated subjects (32 females and 47 males), all coming from out consultation. DNA from deficient subject (11 females and 30 males) was analyzed for the presence of G6PD mutation. Known mutations were studied by the appropriate restriction enzyme digestion of fragment amplified by PCR. Where the mutation(More)
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the major pediatric cancer in developed countries. The etiology of ALL remains poorly understood, with few established environmental risk factors. These risks were influenced by co-inheritance of multiple low-risk genetic polymorphisms such as variants within cytochrome P450A1 (CYP1A1), NADPH: quinone oxidoreductase(More)
Thirty-three Tunisian patients, homozygous for Hb S, were examined. Haplotyping using nine restriction sites in the beta-globin gene cluster revealed that the most common type is the Benin type [---- + - + - +] which occurs at a frequency of 0.94% (31 cases); only one patient was homozygous for an atypical haplotype which shows some differences with the(More)
Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood or bone marrow that is characterized by an abnormal increase of white blood cells. Leukemia is clinically and pathologically subdivided into a variety of large groups. The risk of developing leukemia may be influenced by polymorphisms of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes. In this work, we conduct a case-control study(More)