Saleem Abbasi

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BACKGROUND world Health Organization (WHO) acute respiratory illness case management guidelines classify children with fast breathing as having pneumonia and recommend treatment with an antibiotic. There is concern that many of these children may not have pneumonia and are receiving antibiotics unnecessarily. This could increase antibiotic resistance in the(More)
INTRODUCTION WHO pneumonia case management guidelines recommend oral amoxicillin as first line treatment for non-severe pneumonia. Increasing treatment failure rates have been reported over a period of time, which could possibly be due to increasing minimum inhibitory concentrations of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae for amoxicillin.(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic treatment for pneumonia as measured by Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) is a key indicator for tracking progress in achieving Millennium Development Goal 4. Concerns about the validity of this indicator led us to perform an evaluation in urban and rural settings in Pakistan and(More)
OBJECTIVE Exclusive breast-feeding is estimated to reduce infant mortality in low-income countries by up to 13 %. The aim of the present study was to determine the risk factors associated with suboptimal breast-feeding practices in Pakistan. DESIGN A cross-sectional study using data extracted from the multistage cluster sample survey of the Pakistan(More)
Inappropriate timing of introducing complementary food deprives the infant of optimum nutrition, leading to undernutrition, and increased mortality and morbidity. The aim of this analysis was to identify determinants of inappropriate timing of introduction of solid, semi-solid and soft foods in Pakistan. Data on 941 infants 3.00 to 8.99 months were obtained(More)
Introduction. Transfusion Transmitted Infections (TTIs) continue to be a major risk in transfusions in many parts of the world. The transfusion-dependent β-thalassaemia patients are particularly at risk of acquiring TTIs. The current study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of TTIs in transfusion-dependent β-thalassaemia patients. Material and(More)
BACKGROUND Stroke is a fatal clinical syndrome with mortality rate ranging up to 25%. Hypertension, smoking and diabetes mellitus are common preventable risk factors which are associated with serious outcome. Objective of this study was to determine the clinical presentation, risk factors and outcome of stroke. METHODS A cross-sectional study was(More)
BACKGROUND While there is much data on cardiac problems of adults, there is a limited statistical data available to evaluate the magnitude of the cardiac problems in children in Pakistan. Many of these children present with recurrent chest infections and congestive cardiac failure (CCF), and are managed by general practitioners. A careful search for(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory problems are one of the major issues faced by cardiovascular surgeons, which increase morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). It is possible to harvest the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) without opening the left pleura; however this cannot be reliably achieved in all cases due to(More)
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