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1alpha,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25D] deficiency and vitamin D receptor [VDR] genotypes are risk factors for several diseases and disorders including heart diseases. Extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling mediated by matrix metalloproteinases [MMPs] contributes to progressive left ventricular remodeling, dilation, and heart failure. In the present study,(More)
Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee and hip is a debilitating disease affecting more women than men and the risk of developing OA increases precipitously with aging. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the most common form of inflammatory joint diseases, is a disease of unknown etiology and affects approximately 1% of the population worldwide, and unlike OA, generally(More)
Green tea's active ingredient, epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG), has gained significant attention among scientists and has been one of the leading plant-derived molecules studied for its potential health benefits. In the present review I summarize the findings from some of the most significant preclinical studies with EGCG in arthritic diseases. The review(More)
Understanding rheumatic diseases from the perspective of chemokine biology has shaped and will continue to shape our approach for targeted drug design. Among different kinds of chemokines, fractalkine/CX3CL1 has been found to play an important role in inflammation, portraying unique functional, and structural characteristics. This review summarizes the(More)
BACKGROUND Cartilage loss is a hallmark of arthritis and follows activation of catabolic processes concomitant with a disruption of anabolic pathways like insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). We hypothesized that two natural products of South American origin, would limit cartilage degradation by respectively suppressing catabolism and activating local(More)
The mechanistic insights gained through research into cytokine and chemokine pathways have progressed to the point where it has made possible the successful targeting of these factors in order to limit their role in orchestrating a variety of rheumatic, skin, vascular, and infectious diseases. While this has set the stage for a new generation of biological(More)
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