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BACKGROUND Anti-platelet therapy is an important component of medical therapy post coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). While aspirin administration is a Class I indication after CABG, the benefit of concomitant clopidogrel is a controversial issue. METHODS We searched OVID Medline, Cochrane, Scopus, and EMBASE for randomized control trials and(More)
INTRODUCTION Levosimendan is implemented in patients with low cardiac output after cardiac surgery. However, the strength of evidence is limited by randomized controlled trials enrolling a small number of patients. Hence we have conducted a systematic review to determine the role of levosimendan in adult cardiac surgery. METHODS PUBMED, WoS, Cochrane(More)
INTRODUCTION Data regarding the long-term clinical effects of a continuous flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) on hepato-renal function is limited. Hence our aim was to assess changes in hepato-renal function over a one-year period in patients supported on a CF-LVAD. METHODS During the study period 126 patients underwent CF-LVAD implant. Changes(More)
INTRODUCTION Cardiac transplantation is an effective surgical therapy for end-stage heart failure. Patients (pts) may need to be bridged with a continuous flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) while on the transplant list as logistic factors like organ availability are unknown. Cardiac transplantation post-LVAD can be a surgically challenging(More)
BACKGROUND Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an important cause of heart failure in children, but there are limited data addressing outcome of myectomy in children. Our objective was to evaluate the early and late results of septal myectomy in pediatric HCM. METHODS We reviewed 127 consecutive patients (62% male) who underwent transaortic(More)
BACKGROUND Data comparing results of off-pump and conventional operations in octogenarians is very limited. Thus we chose to compare early adverse events between off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) and on-pump CABG (ONCABG) in patients older than 80 years. METHODS Systematic review of multiple databases was performed to obtain original(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary artery bypass graft surgery is superior to percutaneous intervention in diabetic patients with multivessel disease. The use of bilateral internal thoracic arteries (BITA) may provide better long-term graft patency, but the risk of postoperative deep sternal wound infection has limited its use in diabetic patients. However, studies have(More)
The Beta-adrenergic receptors (β-ARs) stimulation enhances contractility through protein kinase-A (PKA) substrate phosphorylation. This PKA signaling is conferred in part by PKA binding to A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs). AKAPs coordinate multi-protein signaling networks that are targeted to specific intracellular locations, resulting in the(More)
BACKGROUND Hepato-renal function is a valuable predictor of success after left ventricular assist device therapy and heart transplantation. Hence, we analyzed the importance of the Model for End-stage Liver Disease excluding international normalized ratio (MELD-XI) score to outcomes after heart transplant. METHODS Adults undergoing heart transplant from(More)
In contrast to generalized aneurysmal dilatation of the aortic root, discrete sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is an uncommon condition most often affecting the right coronary sinus. We recently treated a patient without the known connective tissue disorder having discrete aneurysms of all three sinuses.