Salah A. D. Ebrahim

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Ring chromosomes are thought to be the result of breakage in both arms of a chromosome, with fusion of the points of fracture and loss of the distal fragments. Another mechanism of ring formation is believed to be the simple fusion of chromosome ends with preservation of telomeric and subtelomeric sequences. Ring chromosome 13 was first described in 1968(More)
BACKGROUND Although some patients with malignant gliomas respond to treatment with chemotherapeutic agents like BCNU, tumor recurrence inevitably occurs, heralding the development of chemoresistance. Treating and/or preventing chemoresistance requires distinguishing newly developed resistance from the presence of intrinsically resistant cells in the primary(More)
The karyotypic and antigenic phenotypes of early passage normal and malignant glial cultures were correlated in vitro. Astrocytomas (4) were distinguished from the normal glia (8) by a mixed near-diploid karyotype and anchorage-independent growth. Malignant gliomas (41) demonstrated cytogenetic abnormalities ranging from mixed normal G- and Q-banded and(More)
We report on the prenatal diagnosis of a fetus with 46,XY and 46,XX cell lines with a normal male phenotype. Cytogenetic and molecular studies ruled out the possibility of maternal cell contamination and showed that all the X chromosomes present in both fetal cell lines were derived from a single maternal X chromosome. This suggests 46,XY/46,XX mosaicism.
We compared the BCNU sensitivity of 4 freshly resected tumors (astrocytoma WM, and malignant gliomas MK, MB, and AM) and their clones to their karyology. The majority of primary cells in all 4 tumors had near-diploid chromosome numbers (2n±) and all were resistant to concentrations of BCNU exceeding 10μg/ ml. Followingin vitro cultivation, the cells from(More)
This study is a prospective clinical trial with fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) as a "routine" test for prenatal detection of the most common aneuploidies in high-risk pregnancies. Since April 1996, FISH studies with multicolor, commercially available, specific probes for chromosomes 13, 18, 21, X, and Y have been routinely performed in our(More)
A case of X-autosome translocation was diagnosed prenatally [46,X, t(X;9)(p21.3 approximately 22.1;q22]. We describe the use of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to estimate the integrity of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene. X-inactivation studies were used as well to assess the probability of phenotypic abnormalities associated with(More)
The treatment of CNS neoplasms with monoclonal antibody-mediated immunotherapy optimally requires the identification of tumor restricted cell surface antigens. However, little is known regarding the antigenic phenotype(s) of malignant astrocytomas. The interrelated expression of four neuroectodermal tumor antigens, CNT/11, AJ8, A010 and CNT/2, has been(More)