Sakura Saburi

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Tissue organization in Drosophila is regulated by the core planar cell polarity (PCP) proteins Frizzled, Dishevelled, Prickle, Van Gogh and Flamingo. Core PCP proteins are conserved in mammals and function in mammalian tissue organization. Recent studies have identified another group of Drosophila PCP proteins, consisting of the protocadherins Fat and(More)
The Drosophila tumor suppressor gene fat encodes a large cadherin that regulates growth and a form of tissue organization known as planar cell polarity (PCP). Fat regulates growth via the Hippo kinase pathway, which controls expression of genes promoting cell proliferation and inhibiting apoptosis (reviewed in). The Hippo pathway is highly conserved and is(More)
The atypical cadherin fat (ft) was originally discovered as a tumor suppressor in Drosophila and later shown to regulate a form of tissue patterning known as planar polarity. In mammals, four ft homologs have been identified (Fat1-4). Recently, we demonstrated that Fat4 plays a role in vertebrate planar polarity. Fat4 has the highest homology to ft, whereas(More)
Trophinin has been identified as a membrane protein mediating apical cell adhesion between two human cell lines: trophoblastic HT-H cells, and endometrial epithelial SNG-M cells. Expression patterns of trophinin in humans suggested its involvement in embryo implantation and early placental development. The mouse trophinin gene maps to the distal part of the(More)
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase (PKA) is involved in various biological functions in neurons. To investigate the subcellular localization of PKA, we stained cultured hippocampal neurons with anti-PKA catalytic subunit antisera. PKA catalytic subunit colocalized with microtubules (MTs) in dendrites as well as with the actin filaments(More)
Planar cell polarity (PCP) is the coordinated organization of cells within the plane of the epithelium, first described in Drosophila. A Frizzled signalling pathway dedicated to PCP (the non-canonical Frizzled pathway) acts through Dishevelled and small G proteins, as does the classical Wnt pathway, but then diverges downstream of Dishevelled. Recent(More)
Human magphinin proteins are translation products of differentially spliced transcripts from the 5' region of the human trophinin gene (TRO), whose 3' region encodes trophinin, a unique cell adhesion molecule involved in human embryo implantation. Magphinins belong to the MAGE (melanoma-associated antigen) family, and a previous study of mouse magphinins(More)
Trophinin mediates homophilic and apical cell adhesion between trophoblastic cells and endometrial epithelial cells, which is potentially the initial attachment step in human embryo implantation. Since trophinin is an atypical membrane protein without the signal sequence, it is possible that trophinin localizes to the cytoplasm. By treating(More)
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