Sakura Mita

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After the initial primary projection, axons undergo various structural and functional changes to establish mature neural circuits. The changes in protein expression associated with this maturation were investigated in lateral olfactory tract axons using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. The most prominent group upregulated during the period consisted of(More)
Through binding to its nuclear receptor (TR), thyroid hormone (T3) activates the expression of the thyroid hormone-responsive genes that are essential for the regulation of energy consumption. Previously, we found that free fatty acids (FFAs) and their CoA esters strongly inhibited the binding of T3 to its nuclear receptor in vitro. In the present study, we(More)
S1 proteins A-D are liberated from thoroughly washed nuclei by mild digestion with DNase I or RNase A, and extracted selectively at pH 4.9 from the reaction supernatants. Here, we characterized the S1 proteins, focusing on protein D2, the most abundant S1 protein in the rat liver, and on protein C2 as well. Using a specific antibody, McAb 351, they were(More)
During development, axons elongate vigorously, carefully controlling their speed, to connect with their targets. In general, rapid axon growth is correlated with active growth cones driven by dynamic actin filaments. For example, when the actin-driven tip is collapsed by repulsive guidance molecules, axon growth is severely impaired. In this study, we(More)
M6a is a four-transmembrane protein that is abundantly expressed in the nervous system. Previous studies have shown that over-expression of this protein induces various cellular protrusions, such as neurites, filopodia, and dendritic spines. In this detailed characterization of M6a-induced structures, we found their varied and peculiar characteristics.(More)
The function of mature neurons critically relies on the developmental outgrowth and projection of their cellular processes. It has long been postulated that the neuronal glycoproteins M6a and M6b are involved in axon growth because these four-transmembrane domain-proteins of the proteolipid protein family are highly enriched on growth cones, but in vivo(More)
Tetrazolium salts such as XTT and MTT are widely used to produce formazan for cell proliferation and cytotoxicity assays through bioreductase activity. However, the XTT assay showed significant increase in MDBK cell viability when cells were treated with both 50 and 100 muM of the pro-oxidant, tert-butylhydroquinone (t-BHQ), although the crystal violet(More)
A novel synthetic inhibitor of endopeptidase-24.15 (EP-24.15, EC, N-[(2R,4R)-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-3-(3-mercaptopropionyl)-4-thiazolidine carbonyl] -L-phenylalanine (SA898) is described. This compound inhibited rat EP-24.15 competitively with an IC50 of 23 nM and Ki of 9.1 nM. These values were, respectively, 9.6 times and 6.3 times smaller than(More)
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