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Catalepsy and changes in striatal and limbic dopamine metabolism were investigated in mice after oral administration of aripiprazole, haloperidol, and risperidone. Catalepsy duration decreased with chronic (21 day) aripiprazole compared with acute (single dose) treatment across a wide dose range, whereas catalepsy duration persisted with chronic haloperidol(More)
The antidepressant-like activity of a novel compound, OPC-14523, was investigated in comparison with the conventional antidepressants, fluoxetine and imipramine. OPC-14523 bound with nanomolar affinities to sigma receptors (IC(50)=47-56 nM), the 5-HT(1A) receptor (IC(50)=2.3 nM), and the 5-HT transporter (IC(50)=80 nM). OPC-14523 inhibited the in vitro(More)
Sigma and 5-HT(1A) receptor stimulation can increase acetylcholine (ACh) release in the brain. Because ACh release facilitates learning and memory, we evaluated the degree to which OPC-14523 (1-[3-[4-(3-chlorophenyl)-1-piperazinyl]propyl]-5-methoxy-3,4-dihydro-2[1H]-quinolinone monomethane sulfonate), a novel sigma and 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist, can augment(More)
The antipsychotic efficacy of aripiprazole is not generally associated with extrapyramidal symptoms, cardiovascular effects, sedation or elevations in serum prolactin that characterize typical or atypical antipsychotics. The aim of this study was to clarify the mechanism of action of aripiprazole that underlies its favourable clinical profiles. The(More)
Changes in the ratio of reduced/oxidized cytochrome a,a3 were measured by reflection spectrophotometry in decerebrate cat spinal cord during microelectrode monitoring of extracellular K+ and extracellular potential. In 'resting' cord, cytochrome a,a3 was approximately 60% reduced, compared to 30% in cerebral cortex and 1% in isolated mitochondria.(More)
Vasopressin V(1b) receptor is specifically expressed in the pituitary and mediates adrenocorticotropin release, thereby regulating stress responses via its corticotropin releasing factor-like action. In the present study we examined catecholamine release in response to two types of stress in mice lacking the V(1b) receptor gene (V(1b)R(-/-) mice) vs.(More)
PGE2, PGE1, PGF2 alpha and PGD2 dose dependently potentiated the ACh-evoked catecholamine (CA) release from perfused dog adrenal glands. These prostaglandins by themselves slightly stimulated CA release. PGE2 potentiated the CA release induced by stimulation of nicotinic or muscarinic cholinergic receptors and also by stimulation with excess K+ or caffeine.(More)
We determined the anti-convulsion activity of phenytoin (PHT) using the maximum electron shock method in mice fed diets containing various concentrations of iron for 18 weeks. Dietary iron reduces the anti-convulsion activity of PHT in a dose-dependent manner (0-6100 ppm). High concentrations of PHT are detected in the plasma of mice fed a high iron diet(More)
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