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Antipsychotic drugs are widely used not only for schizophrenia, but also for mood disorders such as bipolar disorder and depression. To evaluate the interactions between antipsychotics and drugs for mood disorders in modulating extrapyramidal side effects (EPS), we examined the effects of antidepressants and mood-stabilizing drugs on haloperidol(More)
Dopamine D(3) receptors are highly expressed in the cerebellum; however, their pathophysiological functions are not fully understood. Here, we conducted microinjection studies to clarify the role of cerebellar D(3) receptors in modulating locomotion and cataleptogenicity in rats. Microinjection of the preferential D(3) agonist(More)
Patients with schizophrenia exhibit various clinical symptoms including positive and negative symptoms, neurocognitive impairments and mood disturbances. Although a series of second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) (e.g., risperidone, olanzapine and quetiapine) have been developed in the past two decades, clinical reports do not necessarily show advantages(More)
Inhibiting the expression of the HIV-1 coreceptor CCR5 holds great promise for controlling HIV-1 infection in patients. Here we report stable knockdown of human CCR5 by a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) in a humanized bone marrow/liver/thymus (BLT) mouse model. We delivered a potent shRNA against CCR5 into human fetal liver-derived CD34(+) hematopoietic(More)
BACKGROUND The use of shRNAs to downregulate the expression of specific genes is now relatively routine in experimentation but still hypothetical for clinical application. A potential therapeutic approach for HIV-1 disease is shRNA mediated downregulation of the HIV-1 co-receptor, CCR5. It is increasingly recognized that siRNAs and shRNAs can have(More)
Blonanserin is a novel antipsychotic agent that preferentially interacts with dopamine D(2) and 5-HT(2A) receptors. To assess the atypical properties of blonanserin, we evaluated its propensity to induce extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) and to enhance forebrain Fos expression in mice. The actions of AD-6048, a primary metabolite of blonanserin, in(More)
The serotonergic nervous system plays crucial roles in regulating psycho-emotional, cognitive, sensori-motor and autonomic functions. It is now known that multiple serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) receptors regulate extrapyramidal motor functions, which are implicated in pathogenesis and/or treatment of various neurological disorders (e.g., Parkinson's(More)
Previous studies have revealed that 5-HT(1A) agonists ameliorate antipsychotic-induced extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) through postsynaptic 5-HT(1A) receptors. Here, we conducted an intracerebral microinjection study of (+/-)-8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)-tetralin ((+/-)8-OH-DPAT) to determine the action site of the 5-HT(1A) agonist in alleviating EPS.(More)
We examined the effects of JP-1302 (a selective alpha2C antagonist), BRL-44408 (a selective alpha2A antagonist) and yohimbine (a non-selective alpha2 antagonist) on haloperidol-induced bradykinesia and catalepsy in mice to elucidate the role of alpha2 adrenoceptor subtypes in modifying extrapyramidal motor disorders. JP-1302 (0.1-1 mg/kg, s.c.)(More)
Down-regulation of the HIV-1 coreceptor CCR5 holds significant potential for long-term protection against HIV-1 in patients. Using the humanized bone marrow/liver/thymus (hu-BLT) mouse model which allows investigation of human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) transplant and immune system reconstitution as well as HIV-1 infection, we previously(More)