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Antipsychotic drugs are widely used not only for schizophrenia, but also for mood disorders such as bipolar disorder and depression. To evaluate the interactions between antipsychotics and drugs for mood disorders in modulating extrapyramidal side effects (EPS), we examined the effects of antidepressants and mood-stabilizing drugs on haloperidol(More)
Patients with schizophrenia exhibit various clinical symptoms including positive and negative symptoms, neurocognitive impairments and mood disturbances. Although a series of second generation antipsychotics (SGAs) (e.g., risperidone, olanzapine and quetiapine) have been developed in the past two decades, clinical reports do not necessarily show advantages(More)
We studied the effects of tandospirone, a 5-HT(1A) agonistic anxiolytic agent, on haloperidol-induced catalepsy and forebrain Fos expression in mice. Haloperidol (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) markedly increased the catalepsy time and enhanced Fos expression in the shell (AcS) and core (AcC) regions of the nucleus accumbens, the dorsolateral striatum (dlST), and the(More)
To clarify the role and mechanism of the 5-HT1A receptor in modulating extrapyramidal motor disorders, we studied the actions of 5-HT1A agonists in the mouse pole test, a valid model of parkinsonian bradykinesia. Haloperidol markedly delayed pole-descending behavior of mice in the pole test, and this effect was alleviated by the antiparkinsonian agent(More)
A case is reported of a small primary occult gastric adenocarcinoma occurring in a 57-year-old man revealing widespread metastasis to generalized bone, and associated with high serum level of circulating human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and alkaline phosphatase (ALPase). The primary site of metastatic bone tumor was not(More)
Blonanserin is a novel antipsychotic agent that preferentially interacts with dopamine D(2) and 5-HT(2A) receptors. To assess the atypical properties of blonanserin, we evaluated its propensity to induce extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) and to enhance forebrain Fos expression in mice. The actions of AD-6048, a primary metabolite of blonanserin, in(More)
Dopamine D(3) receptors are highly expressed in the cerebellum; however, their pathophysiological functions are not fully understood. Here, we conducted microinjection studies to clarify the role of cerebellar D(3) receptors in modulating locomotion and cataleptogenicity in rats. Microinjection of the preferential D(3) agonist(More)
We examined the effects of JP-1302 (a selective alpha2C antagonist), BRL-44408 (a selective alpha2A antagonist) and yohimbine (a non-selective alpha2 antagonist) on haloperidol-induced bradykinesia and catalepsy in mice to elucidate the role of alpha2 adrenoceptor subtypes in modifying extrapyramidal motor disorders. JP-1302 (0.1-1 mg/kg, s.c.)(More)
We studied the effects of the 5-HT(1A/7) agonist 8-OH-DPAT on haloperidol-induced catalepsy and forebrain Fos expression in mice to clarify its mechanism in modulating extrapyramidal motor disorders. 8-OH-DPAT (0.1-1mg/kg, i.p.) markedly attenuated haloperidol-induced catalepsy in a dose-dependent manner with a potency greater than that of the(More)
The serotonergic nervous system plays crucial roles in regulating psycho-emotional, cognitive, sensori-motor and autonomic functions. It is now known that multiple serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) receptors regulate extrapyramidal motor functions, which are implicated in pathogenesis and/or treatment of various neurological disorders (e.g., Parkinson's(More)