Sakayu Shimizu

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Oxygenases-based Escherichia coli whole-cell biocatalyst can be applied for catalysis of various commercially interesting reactions that are difficult to achieve with traditional chemical catalysts. However, substrates and products of interest are often toxic to E. coli, causing a disruption of cell membrane. Therefore, organic solvent-tolerant bacteria(More)
The oil-producing fungus Mortierella alpina 1S-4 is an industrial strain. In order to prepare host strains for a transformation system for this fungus, six uracil auxotrophs were obtained by means of random mutation with N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG). When the activities of orotate phosphoribosyl transferase (OPRTase, EC and(More)
An oleaginous fungus, Mortierella alpina 1S-4, is used commercially for arachidonic acid production. Delta12-Desaturase, which desaturates oleic acid (18:1n-9) to linoleic acid (18:2n-6), is a key enzyme in the arachidonic acid biosynthetic pathway. To determine if RNA interference (RNAi) by double-stranded RNA occurs in M. alpina 1S-4, we silenced the(More)
The cyclic-imide-hydrolyzing activity of a prokaryotic cyclic-ureide-hydrolyzing enzyme, D-hydantoinase, was investigated. The enzyme hydrolyzed cyclic imides with bulky substituents such as 2-methylsuccinimide, 2-phenylsuccinimide, phthalimide, and 3,4-pyridine dicarboximide to the corresponding half-amides. However, simple cyclic imides without(More)
A gene encoding laccase I was identified and cloned from the white-rot fungus Trametes sp. Ha1. Laccase I contained 10 introns and an original secretion signal sequence. After laccase I without introns was prepared by overlapping polymerase chain reaction, it was inserted into expression vector pULD1 for yeast cell surface display. The oxidation activity of(More)
To develop an efficient gene-targeting system in Mortierella alpina 1S-4, we identified the ku80 gene encoding the Ku80 protein, which is involved in the nonhomologous end-joining pathway in genomic double-strand break (DSB) repair, and constructed ku80 gene-disrupted strains via single-crossover homologous recombination. The Δku80 strain from M. alpina(More)
BACKGROUND Reproduction and sustainability are important for future society, and bioprocesses are one technology that can be used to realize these concepts. However, there is still limited variation in bioprocesses and there are several challenges, especially in the operation of energy-requiring bioprocesses. As an example of a microbial platform for an(More)
Conjugated polyketone reductase C2 (CPR-C2) from Candida parapsilosis IFO 0708, identified as a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-dependent ketopantoyl lactone reductase, belongs to the aldo-keto reductase superfamily. This enzyme reduces ketopantoyl lactone to d-pantoyl lactone in a strictly stereospecific manner. To elucidate the(More)
l-Leucine 5-hydroxylase (LdoA) previously found in Nostoc punctiforme PCC 73102 is a novel type of Fe(II)/α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase. LdoA catalyzed regio- and stereoselective hydroxylation of l-leucine and l-norleucine into (2S,4S)-5-hydroxyleucine and (2S)-5-hydroxynorleucine, respectively. Moreover, LdoA catalyzed sulfoxidation of l-methionine(More)
The 1,2-propanediol (1,2-PD) inducible membrane-bound l-pantoyl lactone (l-PL) dehydrogenase (LPLDH) has been isolated from Rhodococcus erythropolis AKU2103 (Kataoka et al. in Eur J Biochem 204:799, 1992). Based on the N-terminal amino acid sequence of LPLDH and the highly conserved amino acid sequence in homology search results, the LPLDH gene (lpldh) was(More)