Sakayu Shimizu

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Fe(III)-respiring bacteria such as Shewanella species play an important role in the global cycle of iron, manganese, and trace metals and are useful for many biotechnological applications, including microbial fuel cells and the bioremediation of waters and sediments contaminated with organics, metals, and radionuclides. Several alternative electron transfer(More)
The asymmetric reduction of ethyl 4-chloro-3-oxobutanoate (COBE) to ethyl (S)-4-chloro-3-hydroxybutanoate ((S)-CHBE) was investigated. Escherichia coli cells expressing both the carbonyl reductase (S1) gene from Candida magnoliae and the glucose dehydrogenase (GDH) gene from Bacillus megaterium were used as the catalyst. In an organic-solvent-water(More)
 A total of 400 yeast strains were examined for the ability to reduce ethyl 4-chloroacetoacetate (COBE) to ethyl 4-chloro-3-hydroxybutyrate (CHBE) by using acetone-dried cells in the presence of a coenzyme-recycling system in water/n-butyl acetate. We discovered some yeast strains that reduced COBE to (S)-CHBE. Heating of acetone-dried cells of the selected(More)
Conjugated fatty acids have attracted much attention as a novel type of biologically beneficial functional lipid. Some isomers of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) reduce carcinogenesis, atherosclerosis, and body fat. Considering the use of CLA for medicinal and nutraceutical purposes, a safe isomer-selective process is required. The introduction of biological(More)
Chiral alcohols are useful intermediates for many pharmaceuticals and chemicals. Enzymatic asymmetric reduction of prochiral carbonyl compounds is a promising method for producing chiral alcohols. There have been many attempts to construct bioreduction systems for the industrial production of chiral alcohols. This review focuses on the establishment of a(More)
Various Mortierella fungi were assayed for their productivity of arachidonic acid (ARA). Only strains belonging to the subgenus Mortierella accumulated detectable amounts of ARA together with dihomo-γ-linolenic acid. None of the strains belonging to the subgenus Micromucor tested accumulated these C-20 fatty acids, although they produced a C-18 fatty acid,(More)
The use of biocatalysts for the industrial synthesis of chemicals has been attracting much attention as an environment-friendly synthetic method. Microbial cells play a leading role in 'chemo-enzymatic synthesis' because of their great diversity. Several microbes with unique catalytic abilities have been found through intensive screening and put to(More)
The dtaAX gene encoding a pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (pyridoxal-P)-dependent low-specificity d-threonine aldolase was cloned from the chromosomal DNA of Alcaligenes xylosoxidans IFO 12669. It contains an open reading frame consisting of 1,134 nucleotides corresponding to 377 amino acid residues. The predicted amino acid sequence displayed 54% identity with that(More)
N-Carbomoyl-L-amino acid amidohydrolase was purified to homogeneity for the first time from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans. The enzyme showed high affinity toward N-carbomoyl-L-amino acids with long-chain aliphatic or aromatic substituents, and hydrolyzed those with short-chain substituents quite well. The enzyme hydrolyzed N-formyl- and N-acetylamino acids(More)
A system for the controlled expression of a foreign gene in cultured tobacco cells (Nicotiana tabacum, BY2) by temperature shift was constructed. A 925-base-pair (bp) DNA fragment containing the 5′-flanking region of a low-molecular-mass heat-shock protein gene (HSP18.2) of Arabidopsis thaliana was inserted upstream of the β-glucuronidase reporter gene(More)