Sakandar Rauf

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Genetic diversity of 20 sugarcane accessions in Pakistan was studied using 21 random amplified polymorphic DNA markers. The mean genetic distance between the cultivars was 39.03%, demonstrating that a large part of the genome is similar among the accessions. This probably arises from a lack of parental diversity, with few clones, which are themselves(More)
BACKGROUND DNA methylation is a potential source of disease biomarkers. Typically, methylation levels are measured at individual cytosine/guanine (CpG) sites or over a short region of interest. However, regions of interest often show heterogeneous methylation comprising multiple patterns of methylation (epialleles) on individual DNA strands. Heterogeneous(More)
Early diagnosis of disease requires highly specific measurement of molecular biomarkers from femto to pico-molar concentrations in complex biological (e.g., serum, blood, etc.) samples to provide clinically useful information. While reaching this detection limit is challenging in itself, these samples contain numerous other non-target molecules, most of(More)
Nephritogenicity (anti-GBM-nephritis-inducing activity) and α-chain composition of globular-domain (NC1) fractions of type IV collagen from bovine renal, pulmonary, and placental basement membranes (BMs) was examined by injecting these fractions with adjuvant into WKY/NCrj rats and by Western blotting using epitope-defined monoclonal antibodies to the six(More)
Phenol is a highly toxic and carcinogenic compound and its biodegradation is very important to meet the environmental regulations. Two bacterial strains capable of utilizing phenol as a sole source of carbon were isolated from the wastewater of a pharmaceutical industry. On the basis of morphological and biochemical characteristics these strains were(More)
Exosomes show promise as noninvasive biomarkers for cancer, but their effective capture and specific detection is a significant challenge. Herein, we report a multiplexed microfluidic device for highly specific capture and detection of multiple exosome targets using a tunable alternating current electrohydrodynamic (ac-EHD) methodology, referred to as(More)
The interaction of ciprofloxacin with DNA was studied by using an electrochemical DNA biosensor. The binding mechanism of ciprofloxacin was elucidated by using constant current potentiometry and differential pulse voltammetry at DNA-modified glassy carbon electrode. The decrease in the guanine oxidation peak area or peak current at +0.9 V was used as an(More)
Simple, rapid, and inexpensive strategies for detecting DNA methylation could facilitate routine patient diagnostics. Herein, we describe a microdevice based electrochemical assay for the detection of locus-specific DNA methylation at single CpG dinucleotide resolution after bisulfite conversion of a target DNA sequence. This is achieved by using the ligase(More)
Microfabricated devices for the electrochemical detection of single DNA base changes in cancer cell lines are highly desirable due to the inherent advantages such as portability, simplicity, and the rapid and inexpensive nature of electrochemical readout methods. Moreover, molecular sensors that use microscale-footprint working electrodes have shown high(More)
Quantitative and accurate detection of multiple biomarkers would allow for the rapid diagnosis and treatment of diseases induced by pathogens. Monoclonal antibodies are standard affinity reagents applied for biomarkers detection; however, their production is expensive and labor-intensive. Herein, we report on newly developed nanoyeast single-chain variable(More)