Sajjad Ahmad

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In this research, the impact of several water conservation policies and return flow credits on the fate of water used outdoors in an arid region is evaluated using system dynamics modeling approach. Return flow credits is a strategy where flow credits are obtained for treated wastewater returned to a water body, allowing for the withdrawal of additional(More)
This study investigated the effect of increasing population and changing climatic conditions on the water resources of a semi-arid region, the Las Vegas Valley (LVV) in southern Nevada. A system dynamics model was developed for the LVV from 1989 to 2035. The impact of climate change on water demand and the water supply from the Colorado River was modeled,(More)
The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) carries aboard the Precipitation Radar (TRMMPR) that measures the backscatter (σ ) of the surface. σ ◦ is sensitive to surface soil moisture and vegetation conditions. Due to sparse vegetation in arid and semi-arid regions, TRMMPR σ ◦ primarily depends on the soil water content. In this study we relate TRMMPR σ(More)
A dynamic water balance model is created to examine the effects of different water conservation policies and recycled water use on water demand and supply in a region faced with water shortages and significant population growth, the Las Vegas Valley (LVV). The model, developed using system dynamics approach, includes an unusual component of the water(More)
A system dynamics model was developed to estimate the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions associated with conveyance of water from the water source to the distribution laterals of the Las Vegas Valley. In addition, the impact of several water management policies, including water conservation, reuse, and population growth rate change was evaluated. The results(More)
Retrieval of land surface emissivity and temperature from microwave brightness temperature data is a complex problem. The diurnal variation of temperature due to the diurnal cycle of solar radiation and weather conditions makes this problem even more challenging. In this paper, we use solar radiation in modeling the temporal variation of the brightness(More)
Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy measurements of six trace elements were performed on the scalp hair of 155 donors, 73 of which have been diagnosed with Hepatitis C and 82 Controls. Principal Components Analysis (PCA) was employed to visualise the separation between groups and show the relationship between the elements and the(More)
 Vehicle miles travel per lane mile  Transportation service index  Personal spending on transportation Activity System  Income (GNI/capita)  Education  Life Expectancy Environmental System  Greenhouse gases (CO2)  Air Pollutants (CO, NO2,SO2, PM10, VOC)  Water Pollutants (BOD)  Energy Consumption Estimation of Performance Indices for the Planning(More)
This study evaluates the impact of urban growth in the Las Vegas Valley (LVV), Nevada, USA on salinity of the Colorado River. In the past thirty eight years the LVV population has grown from 273,288 (1970) to 1,986,146 (2008). The wastewater effluents and runoff from the valley are diverted back to the Colorado River through the Las Vegas Wash (LVW). With(More)